Development of poly(amidoamine) dendrimer/ poly(ethylene glycol) hybrid membranes for CO2 capture at elevated pressures

Shuhong Duan, Teruhiko Kai, Ikuo Taniguchi, Shingo Kazama

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To improve CO2 separation performance of Poly (amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimer at pressure difference conditions, hybrid membranes have been developed by immobilizing of PAMAM dendrimer into a cross-linked poly(ethylene glycol) dimethacrylate (PEGDMA) polymer matrix. A multifunctional cross-linker (MFX) such as trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate (TMPTMA) was used to enhance membrane separation performance at elevated pressures. The resulting hybrid membrane PAMAM dendrimer / PEGDMA/TMPTMA hybrid membrane exhibited an excellent CO2/H2 selectivity of 30 and above with CO2 permeance of 2.1×10-12m3(STP)/(m2 s Pa) at 660 kPa CO2 partial under 820 kPa feed pressure with 80% relative humidity at 40 °C. The PAMAM dendrimer/cross-linked PEG hybrid membrane shows great potential for CO2 separation from H2 in high pressure applications, such as IGCC process. A compatible crosslinker (CPC) was used to prepare the composite membrane with a thin selectivity layer to enhance CO2 permeance. An isopropyl alkyl hindered amine IAM, tertiary amine TA1 and TA2 were added to the formation solution of membrane for investigating the effect of additive on CO2 separation performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-173
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy Procedia
Volume63
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014
Event12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT 2014 - Austin, United States
Duration: Oct 5 2014Oct 9 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Development of poly(amidoamine) dendrimer/ poly(ethylene glycol) hybrid membranes for CO<sub>2</sub> capture at elevated pressures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this