Development of poly(amidoamine) dendrimer/polyvinyl alcohol hybrid membranes for CO2 capture at elevated pressures

Shuhong Duan, Ikuo Taniguchi, Teruhiko Kai, Shingo Kazama

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel hybrid membrane of poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimer/cross-linked poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) was developed for the selective separation of CO 2 from a mixture of CO2 and H2. PAMAM dendrimers were incorporated into a cross-linked PVA matrix to improve CO 2 separation performance at elevated pressures. An organic metal compound di-isopropoxy-bis(triethanol aminato) titanium (Ti cross-linker) was selected as the PVA cross-linker. The effects of cross-linker concentration and membrane thickness on separation performance were discussed. The optimum concentration of Ti cross-linker was from 10 to 25 wt%. CO2 permeance increased with decreasing thickness, but the CO2/H2 selectivity decreased with decreasing thickness. The effect of operating temperature on CO2 separation properties using of the thinnest membrane was discussed. Both QCO2 and CO2/H2 selectivity increased with increasing temperature. The CO2/H 2 selectivity reached a maximum of 32 with CO2 permeance of 3.0 × 10-11 m3(STP)/(m2 s Pa) at 60 °C under CO2 partial pressure of 560 kPa. SEM observation and XPS spectra showed that the selective layer of thickness 6 m of PAMAM/cross-linked PVA hybrid composite membrane onto a PVDF substrate was formed. The PAMAM dendrimer/cross-linked PVA membrane shows great potential for CO2 separation from H2 in high pressure applications, such as IGCC process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)924-931
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Procedia
Volume37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2013
Event11th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT 2012 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: Nov 18 2012Nov 22 2012

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Dendrimers
Polyvinyl alcohols
Membranes
Composite membranes
Partial pressure
Alcohols
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Titanium
Temperature
Scanning electron microscopy
Substrates
Metals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy(all)

Cite this

Development of poly(amidoamine) dendrimer/polyvinyl alcohol hybrid membranes for CO2 capture at elevated pressures. / Duan, Shuhong; Taniguchi, Ikuo; Kai, Teruhiko; Kazama, Shingo.

In: Energy Procedia, Vol. 37, 01.01.2013, p. 924-931.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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abstract = "A novel hybrid membrane of poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimer/cross-linked poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) was developed for the selective separation of CO 2 from a mixture of CO2 and H2. PAMAM dendrimers were incorporated into a cross-linked PVA matrix to improve CO 2 separation performance at elevated pressures. An organic metal compound di-isopropoxy-bis(triethanol aminato) titanium (Ti cross-linker) was selected as the PVA cross-linker. The effects of cross-linker concentration and membrane thickness on separation performance were discussed. The optimum concentration of Ti cross-linker was from 10 to 25 wt{\%}. CO2 permeance increased with decreasing thickness, but the CO2/H2 selectivity decreased with decreasing thickness. The effect of operating temperature on CO2 separation properties using of the thinnest membrane was discussed. Both QCO2 and CO2/H2 selectivity increased with increasing temperature. The CO2/H 2 selectivity reached a maximum of 32 with CO2 permeance of 3.0 × 10-11 m3(STP)/(m2 s Pa) at 60 °C under CO2 partial pressure of 560 kPa. SEM observation and XPS spectra showed that the selective layer of thickness 6 m of PAMAM/cross-linked PVA hybrid composite membrane onto a PVDF substrate was formed. The PAMAM dendrimer/cross-linked PVA membrane shows great potential for CO2 separation from H2 in high pressure applications, such as IGCC process.",
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