Deviation from power law, spatial data of forest canopy gaps, and three lattice models

Robert Schlicht, Yoh Iwasa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Forest canopy gaps are important for tree regeneration and species diversity. We develop a method to analyze the spatial patterns of forest canopy gaps, focusing on the relative importance of different scales in spatial variation. We apply this method to forest data, and to spatial patterns generated by three spatial Markov chains in which the transition rate of each site depends on the nearest neighbors: (1) two-state model, in which each site is either a gap or a canopy site, (2) three-state model, which considers gaps, occupied, and disturbed sites. This was originally proposed as a model for mussel bed spatial dynamics, and (3) propagating-wave model, which is derived from the model for wave regenerating fir forest, by considering stochastic transition and neglecting the directionality of wind. For a given spatial pattern, the variance of the fraction of area covered by gaps decreases with the size of the area considered. We introduce a method to quantify the deviation from a power law (i.e. from a line in a logarithmic plot). A characteristic spatial scale of the patterns is most clearly visible for the propagating-wave model. The spatial gap data from a neotropical forest (BCI) and a cool temperate forest (Ogawa Forest Reserve) are consistent with the two-state model and three-state model, but not with the propagating-wave model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-408
Number of pages10
JournalEcological Modelling
Volume198
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2006

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canopy gap
canopy gaps
spatial data
forest canopy
power law
forest reserves
Markov chain
Abies
temperate forests
temperate forest
tropical forests
mussels
spatial variation
species diversity
regeneration
methodology
canopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecological Modelling
  • Ecology

Cite this

Deviation from power law, spatial data of forest canopy gaps, and three lattice models. / Schlicht, Robert; Iwasa, Yoh.

In: Ecological Modelling, Vol. 198, No. 3-4, 15.10.2006, p. 399-408.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schlicht, Robert ; Iwasa, Yoh. / Deviation from power law, spatial data of forest canopy gaps, and three lattice models. In: Ecological Modelling. 2006 ; Vol. 198, No. 3-4. pp. 399-408.
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