Diabetic vascular hyperpermeability: optical coherence tomography angiography and functional loss assessments of relationships among retinal vasculature changes

Mitsuru Arima, Shintaro Nakao, Yoshihiro Kaizu, Iori Wada, Muneo Yamaguchi, Kohta Fujiwara, Masato Akiyama, Alan W. Stitt, Koh Hei Sonoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Our study assessed the influence of vascular permeability on vascular flow density (FD)-correlated retinal sensitivity (RS) in DR. In this cross-sectional, prospective, consecutive study, RS in the extrafoveal macula of DR patient was measured by microperimetry. FD was measured in the total, superficial, and deep capillary plexus layers (TCP, SCP, and DCP) by optical coherence tomography angiography. All measurement points were classified into four categories according to intensity of fluorescein leakage and FD, and the RS reduction was compared. A stratified analysis by retinal thickness (RT) was also performed. Fourteen eyes (14 patients) were enrolled. FDs at 207 RS measurement points were analyzable. For TCP, SCP and DCP, the leakage did not decrease RS at points where FD was maintained. The greater the leakage, the smaller the RS reduction at points with low FD in TCP (P =.020). Points with high leakage showed a significant smaller RS reduction than points with low leakage (P =.001 for TCP, P =.040 for SCP, and P =.046 for DCP) only in areas with low RT and low FD. Our results suggested that vascular hyperpermeability may inhibit the RS reduction in the non-edematous ischemic diabetic retina.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4185
JournalScientific reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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