Diagnostic Accuracy of Cell Block Preparations and Clinical Features Affecting It in Vitreoretinal Lymphoma

Satoru Kase, Kenichi Namba, Daiju Iwata, Kazuomi Mizuuchi, Kayo Suzuki, Takako Ito, Keitaro Hase, Nobuyoshi Kitaichi, Susumu Ishida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the diagnostic accuracy of the cell block (CB) method and clinical features affecting it in patients with vitreoretinal lymphoma (VRL). Methods: This study enrolled 38 eyes in 33 VRL patients, and 7 eyes in 7 patients with idiopathic uveitis who underwent diagnostic vitrectomy. Medical records including the results of CB cytology, interleukin (IL)-10/-6 concentrations, and immunoglobulin heavy chain gene (IgH) rearrangement were retrospectively searched. Results: Patients with VRL comprised 16 women and 17 men, and the age of onset ranged from 44 to 85 years (mean: 70 years). CB preparations detected large malignant cells in 35 eyes (92%), whereas the other 3 VRL eyes were negative. Two of the latter three eyes showed subretinal infiltrates, which existed in 7 of 35 CB-positive eyes. Intravitreal IL-10 and-6 concentrations were 1866 ± 4088 pg/mL and 98 ± 139 pg/mL, respectively, and the rate of IL-10/-6 >1 was 86.9%. The presence of IgH monoclonality was 63.2%. In patients with uveitis, CB specimens revealed no atypical but small inflammatory cells. IL-6 concentration was 311.1 ± 240 pg/mL, whereas IL-10 was undetectable in six eyes, and the IL-negative rate was 85.7%. Six eyes (85.7%) with uveitis showed no IgH monoclonality. Conclusions: Diagnostic accuracy of CB preparations in VRL could achieve an equivalent outcome to IL ratio calculation and IgH monoclonality detection. The appearance of subretinal infiltrates may diminish the CB positivity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1391
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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