Diagnostics Method for 2-D Velocity Distribution Function of Beam Deuterons Using Visible Light of Energetic 3He in Deuterium Plasmas

Kento Kimura, Hideaki Matsuura, Chujo Itoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In high-temperature plasmas, fast ion diagnostics is one of the important components for plasma heating. Therefore, it is important for fusion research to confirm and understand the physics of fast ions in experimental devices. Although conventional spectroscopy measurements have excellent energy resolution, it is difficult to measure fast deuterons with MeV order energy. The energy resolutions for neutron and γ -ray measurements are low and need to be improved. A diagnostics method using the visible light (VIS) spectrum of 3He produced by the deuteron-deuteron reaction has been proposed. The previous studies did not consider the measurement line-of-sight (LOS) in the actual device. In this article, the observability of the proposed method is evaluated considering the spatial distribution of the temperature and density and the direction of ion motion in the deuterium beam-injected ITER deuterium plasma. It is shown that the change of the Doppler broadening of the VIS spectrum due to the formation of beam deuteron tails (non-Maxwell component) is sufficiently larger than the resolution of the spectrometer, it is strongly dependent on the LOS. The ratios of emissivity to bremsstrahlung are 40%-50% in the vertical LOS and 4%-7% in the tangential LOS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3142-3148
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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