Diesel fuel particulate emission control using low-cost catalytic materials

Rohini Khobragade, Govindachetty Saravanan, Hisahiro Einaga, Hideo Nagashima, Pravesh Shukla, Tarun Gupta, Avinash Kumar Agarwal, Nitin Labhasetwar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Diesel fuel and engine is still projected as a relatively efficient and cleaner in terms of GHG emissions per unit energy generation provided PM emissions are controlled. The catalyst based after-exhaust treatment technologies are very efficient but expensive. Diesel PM oxidation catalysts with matching performance at a lower cost compared to the commercial precious metal catalysts are therefore much required as alternative, due to the vulnerabilities associated with the precious metals in terms of their limited reserves and limited geographical mineral distribution. Low-cost non-precious metal based manganese (Mn)-substituted strontium ferrite (SrFe0.9Mn0.1O3-δ) (SFM) catalysts have been systematically explored, which exhibit improved diesel particulate matter (DPM) catalytic oxidation performance. The available oxygen content in SFM is significantly higher compared to that of pure perovskite phase of strontium ferrite (SrFeO3-δ) (SFO) due to the Mn-substitution. The onset temperature (To) and maximum conversion temperature (Tm) of SFM for PM oxidation was observed at 270 and 380 °C, respectively, which is significantly lower than that of SFO (To = 295 °C; Tm = 440 °C). SFM showed multi-cycle, stable diesel PM oxidation performance compared to that of SFO and manganese oxide dispersed SFO. The durability of SFO is improved substantially upon substitution of Mn in its lattice and this catalyst possess potential for practical applications of diesel PM emission reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121157
JournalFuel
Volume302
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

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