High-affinity iodine- and ethyl-C-5 substituted analogs of 4-hydroxy-3-(3-[11C]methoxyphenyl)-2(1H)-quinolone ([11C]4HQ) were synthesized as new positron emission tomography radioligands for the glycine-binding sites of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) ion channel. Although both radioligands showed high in vitro specific binding to rat brain slices, their binding characteristics were quite different from each other. 5-Ethyl-[11C]4HQ (5Et-[11C]4HQ) showed higher in vitro binding in the forebrain regions than in the cerebellum, bindings that were strongly inhibited by both glycine-site agonists and antagonists. In contrast, 5-iodo-[11C]4HQ (5I-[11C]4HQ) showed a homogeneous in vitro binding throughout the brain, which was inhibited by antagonists but not by agonists. This difference in in vitro binding between 5Et-[11C]4HQ and 5I-[11C]4HQ was quite similar to that previously observed between [11C]L-703,717 and [11C]4HQ, both glycine-site antagonists. In vivo brain uptakes of these 11C-labeled 4-hydroxyquinolones were examined in mice. Initial brain uptakes of 5Et- and 5I-[11C]4HQ at 1 min after intravenous injections were comparable to that of [11C]4HQ, but they were 1.3-2.1 times higher than that of [11C]L-703,717. The treatment with an anticoagulant, warfarin, only slightly increased the initial uptakes of [11C]4HQ and 5Et-[11C]4HQ in contrast to [11C]L-703,717. The in vivo regional brain distributions were slightly different between the two radioligands. Pretreatment with nonradioactive ligand (2 mg/kg) slightly inhibited the binding of 5Et-[11C]4HQ (16-36% inhibition) but not that of 5I-[11C]4HQ. In this study, it was found that a small structural change in [11C]4HQ resulted in a major change in binding characteristics and distributions, suggesting the existence of two binding sites for [11C]4-hydroxyquinolones on the NMDA ion channel - agonist-sensitive and agonist-insensitive (or antagonist-preferring) sites.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research