We have previously reported that differences in early production of interleukin 12 (IL-12) by dendritic cells (DC) underlies the difference between the susceptibilities to Listeria monocytogenes of C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice. To elucidate mechanisms for the different abilities of DC to produce cytokine in C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice, we examined Toll-like receptor (TLR) expression by DC and their responses in vitro to known microbial ligands for TLRs. We found that DC isolated from the spleens of naive C57BL/6 mice preferentially expressed TLR9 mRNA, whereas DC from naive BALB/c mice strongly expressed TLR2, -4, -5, and -6 mRNAs. C57BL/6 DC produced a higher level of IL-12p40 in response to the ligands for TLR4 (lipopolysaccharide), TLR2 (lipoprotein), and TLR9 (CpG), whereas BALB/c DC responded to these ligands by producing a larger amount of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1. C57BL/6 DC expressed higher levels of CD40 and Stat4 than BALB/c DC did, suggesting that naive C57BL/6 mice contained more-mature subsets of DC than naive BALB/c mice. Differences in reactivities of DC to microbial molecules through TLRs may be associated with susceptibility and resistance to Listeria infection in BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases