Different effects of grain boundary scattering on charge and heat transport in polycrystalline platinum and gold nanofilms

Ma Wei-Gang, Wang Hai-Dong, Zhang Xing, Takahashi Koji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The in-plane electrical and thermal conductivities of several polycrystalline platinum and gold nanofilms with different thicknesses are measured in a temperature range between the boiling point of liquid nitrogen (77 K) and room temperature by using the direct current heating method. The result shows that both the electrical and thermal conductivities of the nanofilms reduce greatly compared with their corresponding bulk values. However, the electrical conductivity drop is considerably greater than the thermal conductivity drop, which indicates that the influence of the internal grain boundary on heat transport is different from that of charge transport, hence leading to the violation of the Wiedemann-Franz law. We build an electron relaxation model based on Matthiessen's rule to analyse the thermal conductivity and employ the Mayadas & Shatzkes theory to analyse the electrical conductivity. Moreover, a modified Wiedemann-Franz law is provided in this paper, the obtained results from which are in good agreement with the experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2035-2040
Number of pages6
JournalChinese Physics B
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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