Different patterns of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)-immunoreactive and acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-positive innervation in the internal carotid artery and cerebral arterial tree of the quail

Koichi Ando, Haruo Kusaba, Tomoki Soh, Hisao Iwamoto

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The innervation pattern of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-immunoreactive (VIP-IR) nerves in the quail internal carotid artery (ICA) and cerebral arterial tree was investigated and compared with that of acetylcholinesterase- positive (AChE-P) nerves. The supply of VIP-IR nerves to the two arterial systems was distinctly richer than that of AChE-P nerves. It was focused mainly on the walls from the distal ICA to the caudal half of the anterior ramus (AR) through the cerebral carotid artery (CCA). Indeed, double staining clearly showed that numerous VIP+/AChE- axons were distributed over these arterial regions where VIP+/AChE+ or AChE+/VIP- axons were sporadic or often lacking. The finding that nerve bundles accompanying the ICA within the carotid canal contained abundant VIP+/AChE- nerve cells suggests that cerebrovascular VIP-IR nerves in the quail have their major source at these neurons and enter the cranial cavity through the CCA. Another significant finding was that a small number of nerve cells, which were mostly stained for AChE alone and occasionally for VIP alone or both, occurred in the major arteries located more rostral than the middle AR. Thus, the quail cerebral arterial tree, at least the rostral segment of the anterior circulation, is multiply innervated by these three distinct categories of the extracranial and intracranial VIP-IR and AChE-P neurons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-183
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Veterinary Medical Science
Volume69
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2007

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vasoactive intestinal peptide
Quail
carotid arteries
Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide
Internal Carotid Artery
Acetylcholinesterase
innervation
acetylcholinesterase
quails
nerve tissue
neurons
Neurons
Cerebral Arteries
Carotid Arteries
axons
Axons
arteries
Arteries
Staining and Labeling

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

@article{085500fc6dbf4c83997e44a8979ef2ca,
title = "Different patterns of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)-immunoreactive and acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-positive innervation in the internal carotid artery and cerebral arterial tree of the quail",
abstract = "The innervation pattern of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-immunoreactive (VIP-IR) nerves in the quail internal carotid artery (ICA) and cerebral arterial tree was investigated and compared with that of acetylcholinesterase- positive (AChE-P) nerves. The supply of VIP-IR nerves to the two arterial systems was distinctly richer than that of AChE-P nerves. It was focused mainly on the walls from the distal ICA to the caudal half of the anterior ramus (AR) through the cerebral carotid artery (CCA). Indeed, double staining clearly showed that numerous VIP+/AChE- axons were distributed over these arterial regions where VIP+/AChE+ or AChE+/VIP- axons were sporadic or often lacking. The finding that nerve bundles accompanying the ICA within the carotid canal contained abundant VIP+/AChE- nerve cells suggests that cerebrovascular VIP-IR nerves in the quail have their major source at these neurons and enter the cranial cavity through the CCA. Another significant finding was that a small number of nerve cells, which were mostly stained for AChE alone and occasionally for VIP alone or both, occurred in the major arteries located more rostral than the middle AR. Thus, the quail cerebral arterial tree, at least the rostral segment of the anterior circulation, is multiply innervated by these three distinct categories of the extracranial and intracranial VIP-IR and AChE-P neurons.",
author = "Koichi Ando and Haruo Kusaba and Tomoki Soh and Hisao Iwamoto",
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T1 - Different patterns of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)-immunoreactive and acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-positive innervation in the internal carotid artery and cerebral arterial tree of the quail

AU - Ando, Koichi

AU - Kusaba, Haruo

AU - Soh, Tomoki

AU - Iwamoto, Hisao

PY - 2007/2/1

Y1 - 2007/2/1

N2 - The innervation pattern of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-immunoreactive (VIP-IR) nerves in the quail internal carotid artery (ICA) and cerebral arterial tree was investigated and compared with that of acetylcholinesterase- positive (AChE-P) nerves. The supply of VIP-IR nerves to the two arterial systems was distinctly richer than that of AChE-P nerves. It was focused mainly on the walls from the distal ICA to the caudal half of the anterior ramus (AR) through the cerebral carotid artery (CCA). Indeed, double staining clearly showed that numerous VIP+/AChE- axons were distributed over these arterial regions where VIP+/AChE+ or AChE+/VIP- axons were sporadic or often lacking. The finding that nerve bundles accompanying the ICA within the carotid canal contained abundant VIP+/AChE- nerve cells suggests that cerebrovascular VIP-IR nerves in the quail have their major source at these neurons and enter the cranial cavity through the CCA. Another significant finding was that a small number of nerve cells, which were mostly stained for AChE alone and occasionally for VIP alone or both, occurred in the major arteries located more rostral than the middle AR. Thus, the quail cerebral arterial tree, at least the rostral segment of the anterior circulation, is multiply innervated by these three distinct categories of the extracranial and intracranial VIP-IR and AChE-P neurons.

AB - The innervation pattern of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-immunoreactive (VIP-IR) nerves in the quail internal carotid artery (ICA) and cerebral arterial tree was investigated and compared with that of acetylcholinesterase- positive (AChE-P) nerves. The supply of VIP-IR nerves to the two arterial systems was distinctly richer than that of AChE-P nerves. It was focused mainly on the walls from the distal ICA to the caudal half of the anterior ramus (AR) through the cerebral carotid artery (CCA). Indeed, double staining clearly showed that numerous VIP+/AChE- axons were distributed over these arterial regions where VIP+/AChE+ or AChE+/VIP- axons were sporadic or often lacking. The finding that nerve bundles accompanying the ICA within the carotid canal contained abundant VIP+/AChE- nerve cells suggests that cerebrovascular VIP-IR nerves in the quail have their major source at these neurons and enter the cranial cavity through the CCA. Another significant finding was that a small number of nerve cells, which were mostly stained for AChE alone and occasionally for VIP alone or both, occurred in the major arteries located more rostral than the middle AR. Thus, the quail cerebral arterial tree, at least the rostral segment of the anterior circulation, is multiply innervated by these three distinct categories of the extracranial and intracranial VIP-IR and AChE-P neurons.

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