Different spatial distribution of mRNAs for activin receptors (type IIA and IIB) and follistatin in developing embryos of Xenopus laevis

C. Koga, Kosuke Tashiro, K. Shiokawa

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spatial distribution of mRNAs for activin receptors and follistatin was studied by Northern blot hybridization using RNAs from different parts of dissected Xenopus embryos. mRNAs of two activin receptors (type IIA and IIB) occurred uniformly in pre-gastrular embryos, but occurred in larger amounts in ectoderm (in gastrulae), neural plate (in neurulae) and anterior (head) regions (in tailbud embryos) than in other embryonic regions. By contrast, follistatin mRNA appeared almost exclusively in the dorsal mesoderm including invaginating organizer region at the gastrula stage, in notochord and in dorsal ectoderm at the neurula stage, then in anterior part at the tailbud stage. The localized patterns of the distribution of these mRNAs may be due to the regionally different zygotic expression of genes in embryos at later stages. From the relatively widespread pattern of distribution of their mRNAs, we assume that both type IIA and type IIB activin receptors have broad functions in ectodermal and neural differentiation. On the other hand, follistatin mRNA showed quite a restricted pattern of expression, and therefore, we assume that follistatin may have functions more specifically related to the sites of expression of its mRNA. Thus, follistatin may be involved in the differentiation of notochord itself and/or directly be responsible for organizer functions such as neural induction and subsequent differentiation of induced neural tissues at the gastrula and later stages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-179
Number of pages8
JournalRoux's Archives of Developmental Biology
Volume204
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1995
Externally publishedYes

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Follistatin
Xenopus laevis
Embryonic Structures
Messenger RNA
Gastrula
Notochord
Ectoderm
Activin Receptors
Neural Plate
Mesoderm
Xenopus
activin receptor type II-B
activin receptor type II-A
Northern Blotting
Head
RNA
Gene Expression

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

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title = "Different spatial distribution of mRNAs for activin receptors (type IIA and IIB) and follistatin in developing embryos of Xenopus laevis",
abstract = "Spatial distribution of mRNAs for activin receptors and follistatin was studied by Northern blot hybridization using RNAs from different parts of dissected Xenopus embryos. mRNAs of two activin receptors (type IIA and IIB) occurred uniformly in pre-gastrular embryos, but occurred in larger amounts in ectoderm (in gastrulae), neural plate (in neurulae) and anterior (head) regions (in tailbud embryos) than in other embryonic regions. By contrast, follistatin mRNA appeared almost exclusively in the dorsal mesoderm including invaginating organizer region at the gastrula stage, in notochord and in dorsal ectoderm at the neurula stage, then in anterior part at the tailbud stage. The localized patterns of the distribution of these mRNAs may be due to the regionally different zygotic expression of genes in embryos at later stages. From the relatively widespread pattern of distribution of their mRNAs, we assume that both type IIA and type IIB activin receptors have broad functions in ectodermal and neural differentiation. On the other hand, follistatin mRNA showed quite a restricted pattern of expression, and therefore, we assume that follistatin may have functions more specifically related to the sites of expression of its mRNA. Thus, follistatin may be involved in the differentiation of notochord itself and/or directly be responsible for organizer functions such as neural induction and subsequent differentiation of induced neural tissues at the gastrula and later stages.",
author = "C. Koga and Kosuke Tashiro and K. Shiokawa",
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T1 - Different spatial distribution of mRNAs for activin receptors (type IIA and IIB) and follistatin in developing embryos of Xenopus laevis

AU - Koga, C.

AU - Tashiro, Kosuke

AU - Shiokawa, K.

PY - 1995/1

Y1 - 1995/1

N2 - Spatial distribution of mRNAs for activin receptors and follistatin was studied by Northern blot hybridization using RNAs from different parts of dissected Xenopus embryos. mRNAs of two activin receptors (type IIA and IIB) occurred uniformly in pre-gastrular embryos, but occurred in larger amounts in ectoderm (in gastrulae), neural plate (in neurulae) and anterior (head) regions (in tailbud embryos) than in other embryonic regions. By contrast, follistatin mRNA appeared almost exclusively in the dorsal mesoderm including invaginating organizer region at the gastrula stage, in notochord and in dorsal ectoderm at the neurula stage, then in anterior part at the tailbud stage. The localized patterns of the distribution of these mRNAs may be due to the regionally different zygotic expression of genes in embryos at later stages. From the relatively widespread pattern of distribution of their mRNAs, we assume that both type IIA and type IIB activin receptors have broad functions in ectodermal and neural differentiation. On the other hand, follistatin mRNA showed quite a restricted pattern of expression, and therefore, we assume that follistatin may have functions more specifically related to the sites of expression of its mRNA. Thus, follistatin may be involved in the differentiation of notochord itself and/or directly be responsible for organizer functions such as neural induction and subsequent differentiation of induced neural tissues at the gastrula and later stages.

AB - Spatial distribution of mRNAs for activin receptors and follistatin was studied by Northern blot hybridization using RNAs from different parts of dissected Xenopus embryos. mRNAs of two activin receptors (type IIA and IIB) occurred uniformly in pre-gastrular embryos, but occurred in larger amounts in ectoderm (in gastrulae), neural plate (in neurulae) and anterior (head) regions (in tailbud embryos) than in other embryonic regions. By contrast, follistatin mRNA appeared almost exclusively in the dorsal mesoderm including invaginating organizer region at the gastrula stage, in notochord and in dorsal ectoderm at the neurula stage, then in anterior part at the tailbud stage. The localized patterns of the distribution of these mRNAs may be due to the regionally different zygotic expression of genes in embryos at later stages. From the relatively widespread pattern of distribution of their mRNAs, we assume that both type IIA and type IIB activin receptors have broad functions in ectodermal and neural differentiation. On the other hand, follistatin mRNA showed quite a restricted pattern of expression, and therefore, we assume that follistatin may have functions more specifically related to the sites of expression of its mRNA. Thus, follistatin may be involved in the differentiation of notochord itself and/or directly be responsible for organizer functions such as neural induction and subsequent differentiation of induced neural tissues at the gastrula and later stages.

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