Differential phenotypes of active site and human autosomal dominant progressive external ophthalmoplegia mutations in Drosophila mitochondrial DNA helicase expressed in Schneider cells

Yuichi Matsushima, Laurie S. Kaguni

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Abstract

We report the cloning and molecular analysis of Drosophila mitochondrial DNA helicase (d-mtDNA helicase) homologous to human TWINKLE, which encodes one of the genes responsible for autosomal dominant progressive external ophthalmoplegia. An RNA interference construct was designed that reduces expression of d-mtDNA helicase to an undetectable level in Schneider cells. RNA interference knockdown of d-mtDNA helicase decreases the copy number of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) ∼5-fold. In a corollary manner, overexpression of d-mtDNA helicase increases mtDNA levels 1.4-fold. Overexpression of helicase active site mutants K388A and D483A results in a severe depletion of mtDNA and a dominant negative lethal phenotype. Overexpression of mutants analogous to human autosomal dominant progressive external ophthalmoplegia mutations shows differential effects. Overexpression of I334T and A442P mutants yields a dominant negative effect as for the active site mutants. In contrast, overexpression of A326T, R341Q, and W441C mutants results in increased mtDNA copy number, as observed with wild-type overexpression. Our dominant negative analysis of d-mtDNA helicase in cultured cells provides a tractable model for understanding human autosomal dominant progressive external ophthalmoplegia mutations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9436-9444
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume282
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 30 2007

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Chronic Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia
DNA Helicases
Mitochondrial DNA
Drosophila
Catalytic Domain
Phenotype
Mutation
RNA Interference
RNA
Cloning
Molecular Cloning
Cultured Cells
Genes
Cells

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "We report the cloning and molecular analysis of Drosophila mitochondrial DNA helicase (d-mtDNA helicase) homologous to human TWINKLE, which encodes one of the genes responsible for autosomal dominant progressive external ophthalmoplegia. An RNA interference construct was designed that reduces expression of d-mtDNA helicase to an undetectable level in Schneider cells. RNA interference knockdown of d-mtDNA helicase decreases the copy number of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) ∼5-fold. In a corollary manner, overexpression of d-mtDNA helicase increases mtDNA levels 1.4-fold. Overexpression of helicase active site mutants K388A and D483A results in a severe depletion of mtDNA and a dominant negative lethal phenotype. Overexpression of mutants analogous to human autosomal dominant progressive external ophthalmoplegia mutations shows differential effects. Overexpression of I334T and A442P mutants yields a dominant negative effect as for the active site mutants. In contrast, overexpression of A326T, R341Q, and W441C mutants results in increased mtDNA copy number, as observed with wild-type overexpression. Our dominant negative analysis of d-mtDNA helicase in cultured cells provides a tractable model for understanding human autosomal dominant progressive external ophthalmoplegia mutations.",
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