The molecular basis of seasonal or nonseasonal breeding remains unknown. Although laboratory rats are generally regarded as photoperiod-insensitive species, the testicular weight of the Fischer 344 (F344) strain responds to photoperiod. Recently, it was clarified that photoperiodic regulation of type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase (Dio2) in the mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH) is critical in photoperiodic gonadal regulation. Strain-dependent differences in photoperiod sensitivity may now provide the opportunity to address the regulatory mechanism of seasonality by studying Dio2 expression. Therefore, in the present study, we examined the effect of photoperiod on Dio2 expression in photoperiod-sensitive F344 and photoperiod-insensitive Wistar rats. A statistically significant difference was observed between short and long days in terms of testicular weight and Dio2 expression in the F344 strain, while no difference was observed in the Wistar strain. These results suggest that differential responses of the Dio2 gene to photoperiod may determine the strain-dependent differences in photoperiod sensitivity in laboratory rats.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2007|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)