Deregulation of retinoblastoma gene product (pRB) is a hallmark of cancer, which acts as a transcriptional repressor by targeting E2F transcription factors. A transcription factor E2F-1 is not only important for S phase entry of cell cycle, but also stimulates gene expression of pro-apoptotic molecules. To investigate roles of E2F-1 and its target genes in cellular transformation, we studied murine E2F-1-deficient embryonic fibroblasts. Compared with control wild-type cells, E2F-1-deficient cells at early passages were less sensitive to exposure to γ-radiation and showed an increase of colony formation, while their growth was slow. After sequential passages, the growth of E2F-1-deficient cells reached closely to that of wild-type cells. Immunoblot study of E2F target genes showed that multiple passages of E2F-1-deficient cells resulted in preferential increase of cyclin E2 expression. Furthermore, carcinogenicity study using N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine demonstrated that, compared to wild-type mice, fore-stomach tumors in E2F-1-deficient mice expressed an increased amount of cyclin E2, but not cyclin E1. Taken together, the present study shows that differential roles of E-type cyclins are involved at least partially in the process of cellular transformation, supporting the concept of important roles of the E2F regulatory pathway in carcinogenesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology