Background Our aim was to assess the diagnostic performance of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) MR imaging for differentiating high-grade gliomas (HGGs) from low-grade gliomas (LGGs). Methods Forty-five patients with diffuse glioma (age 50.9 ± 20.4 y; 26 males, 19 females) were assessed with IVIM imaging using 13 b-values (0-1000 s/mm2) at 3T. The perfusion fraction (f), true diffusion coefficient (D), and pseudo-diffusion coefficient (D∗) were calculated by fitting the bi-exponential model. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) was obtained with 2 b-values (0 and 1000 s/mm2). Relative cerebral blood volume was measured by the dynamic susceptibility contrast method. Two observers independently measured D, ADC, D∗, and f, and these measurements were compared between the LGG group (n = 16) and the HGG group (n = 29). Results Both D (1.26 ± 0.37 mm2/s in LGG, 0.94 ± 0.19 mm2/s in HGG; P <. 001) and ADC (1.28 ± 0.35 mm2/s in LGG, 1.03 ± 0.19 mm2/s in HGG; P <. 01) were lower in the HGG group. D was lower than ADC in the LGG (P <. 05) and HGG groups (P <. 0001). D∗ was not different between the groups. The f-values were significantly larger in HGG (17.5 ± 6.3%) than in LGG (5.8 ± 3.8%; P <. 0001) and correlated with relative cerebral blood volume (r = 0.85; P <. 0001). Receiver operating characteristic analyses showed areas under curve of 0.95 with f, 0.78 with D, 0.73 with ADC, and 0.60 with D∗. Conclusion IVIM imaging is useful in differentiating HGGs from LGGs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cancer Research