Differentiation of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells Toward Quality Cartilage Using Fibrinogen-Based Nanofibers

Jeremy Forget, Firas Awaja, Dencho Gugutkov, Juhan Gustavsson, Gloria Gallego Ferrer, Tatiana Coelho-Sampaio, Camila Hochman-Mendez, Manuel Salmeron-Sánchez, George Altankov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mimicking the complex intricacies of the extra cellular matrix including 3D configurations and aligned fibrous structures were traditionally perused for producing cartilage tissue from stem cells. This study shows that human adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (hADMSCs) establishes significant chondrogenic differentiation and may generate quality cartilage when cultured on 2D and randomly oriented fibrinogen/poly-lactic acid nanofibers compared to 3D sandwich-like environments. The adhering cells show well-developed focal adhesion complexes and actin cytoskeleton arrangements confirming the proper cellular interaction with either random or aligned nanofibers. However, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis for Collagen 2 and Collagen 10 genes expression confirms favorable chondrogenic response of hADMSCs on random nanofibers and shows substantially higher efficacy of their differentiation in 2D configuration versus 3D constructs. These findings introduce a new direction for cartilage tissue engineering through providing a simple platform for the routine generation of transplantable stem cells derived articular cartilage replacement that might improve joint function. (Figure presented.).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1348-1359
Number of pages12
JournalMacromolecular Bioscience
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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