Diffusion of photochemically generated intermediate radicals in water-ethanol mixed solvents

Koichi Okamoto, Noboru Hirota, Masahide Terazima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diffusion processes of intermediate radicals created by the photoinduced hydrogen abstraction reactions of benzoquinone (BQ) and acetophenone (AP) in ethanol-water mixed solvents are studied by using the transient grating (TG) method. The electrically neutral radicals and the anion radicals are created selectively by adding sodium hydroxide (NaOH) or sulfuric acid (H2SO4) to the solutions. The intermediate species and the chemical stability of the radicals were monitored by the transient absorption and time-resolved EPR methods. The diffusion constants (D) of the radicals and the parent molecules are determined simultaneously. D of the anion radicals are similar to those of the neutral radicals in any mixtures of the solvents. D of the neutral and anion radicals (DR) are much smaller than those of the parent molecule (DP) in ethanol (DP/DR ∼ 2.8 for BQ and DP/DR ∼ 2.1 for AP in ethanol), while DP become closer to DR with increasing water content in the solvent (DP/DR ∼ 1.3 for BQ and QP in 90% water solution). The temperature dependence of D was also investigated. A possible origin of this water effect is discussed from the point of view of hydrophobic hydration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3447-3454
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume102
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 7 1998

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Anions
ethyl alcohol
Ethanol
Water
water
Sodium Hydroxide
quinones
Molecules
Chemical stability
Hydration
Water content
Paramagnetic resonance
Hydrogen
anions
benzoquinone
sodium hydroxides
sulfuric acid
moisture content
hydration
molecules

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Diffusion of photochemically generated intermediate radicals in water-ethanol mixed solvents. / Okamoto, Koichi; Hirota, Noboru; Terazima, Masahide.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 102, No. 19, 07.05.1998, p. 3447-3454.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Okamoto, Koichi ; Hirota, Noboru ; Terazima, Masahide. / Diffusion of photochemically generated intermediate radicals in water-ethanol mixed solvents. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 1998 ; Vol. 102, No. 19. pp. 3447-3454.
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