Fatigue cracks propagate intermittently by the cyclic initiation and coalescence of voids in front of the fatigue crack tip during fatigue crack propagation in the damage accumulation mode. In this study, digital image correlation is used to measure the evolution of the measured plastic strain distribution near the crack tip with loading and cyclic loading during one cycle. The evolution is estimated based on strain distribution measurements results and mechanical considerations. The strain is set at the unloading point because results indicate that the crack propagated in the region where the experimental shear plastic strain is the maximum in the first quarter cycle (at the first maximum load); the measured plastic strain is almost constant in the region where the crack propagates, and the crack is initiated by a subsequent cyclic strain localization and coalescence with the main crack. This study clarified the damage accumulation mode fatigue crack propagation mechanism with the measured strain behavior, and presents a method to use continuum plastic strain at the crack tip as a mechanical driving force for this mode.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering