Controlled synthesis of lead halide perovskite (LHP) nanostructures not only benefits fundamental research but also offers promise for applications. Among many synthesis techniques, although catalytic vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) growth is recognized as an effective route to achieve high-quality nanostructures, until now, there is no detailed report on VLS grown LHP nanomaterials due to the emerging challenges in perovskite synthesis. Here, we develop a direct VLS growth for single-crystalline all-inorganic lead halide perovskite (i.e., CsPbX3; X = Cl, Br, or I) nanowires (NWs). These NWs exhibit high-performance photodetection with the responsivity exceeding 4489 A/W and detectivity over 7.9 × 1012 Jones toward the visible light regime. Field-effect transistors (FET) based on individual CsPbX3 NWs are also fabricated, where they show the superior hole mobility of up to 3.05 cm2/(V s), higher than other all-inorganic LHP devices. This work provides important guidelines for the further improvement of these perovskite nanostructures for utilizations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)