Discharge/charge reaction mechanism of a pyrite-type FeS2 cathode for sodium secondary batteries

Ayuko Kitajou, Junpei Yamaguchi, Satoshi Hara, Shigeto Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The structure changes of iron disulfide (FeS2) during discharge/charge process were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and synchrotron-based X-ray adsorption near the edge structure (XANES). Although the cyclability of the FeS2/Na battery is poor, FeS2/Na battery has a large first discharge capacity of 758 mA h g-1. It corresponds to 85% of the theoretical capacity based on the 4.0 Na reaction per FeS2 (893 mA h g-1). According to the Fe K-edge XANES spectra of discharged FeS2 pellets, there were no clear traces of iron valence change. However, the clear S K-edge jump shifted to lower energy with increasing Na content in FeS2. This is because the binding energy of S 1s electrons decrease as the oxidation number of S decreases, suggesting that the charge neutrality of the cathode after 2.0 Na discharge is kept by an S valence change from (S-S)2- to S2-. Moreover, Na2S diffraction peaks were detected at the 3.0 Na discharged state as a trace of Na conversion reaction in the FeS 2 cathode.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-395
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume247
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

storage batteries
Secondary batteries
Pyrites
pyrites
Cathodes
cathodes
Sodium
sodium
Iron
Adsorption
X rays
Binding energy
Synchrotrons
electric batteries
x rays
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Diffraction
valence
iron
X ray diffraction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Discharge/charge reaction mechanism of a pyrite-type FeS2 cathode for sodium secondary batteries. / Kitajou, Ayuko; Yamaguchi, Junpei; Hara, Satoshi; Okada, Shigeto.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 247, 01.01.2014, p. 391-395.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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