Discovery of τ Neutrino Appearance in the CNGS Neutrino Beam with the OPERA Experiment

N. Agafonova, A. Aleksandrov, A. Anokhina, S. Aoki, A. Ariga, T. Ariga, D. Bender, A. Bertolin, I. Bodnarchuk, C. Bozza, R. Brugnera, A. Buonaura, S. Buontempo, B. Büttner, M. Chernyavsky, A. Chukanov, L. Consiglio, N. D'Ambrosio, G. De Lellis, M. De SerioP. Del Amo Sanchez, A. Di Crescenzo, D. Di Ferdinando, N. Di Marco, S. Dmitrievski, M. Dracos, D. Duchesneau, S. Dusini, T. Dzhatdoev, J. Ebert, A. Ereditato, R. A. Fini, F. Fornari, T. Fukuda, G. Galati, A. Garfagnini, J. Goldberg, Y. Gornushkin, G. Grella, A. M. Guler, C. Gustavino, C. Hagner, T. Hara, H. Hayakawa, A. Hollnagel, B. Hosseini, K. Ishiguro, K. Jakovcic, C. Jollet, C. Kamiscioglu, M. Kamiscioglu, J. H. Kim, S. H. Kim, N. Kitagawa, B. Klicek, K. Kodama, M. Komatsu, U. Kose, I. Kreslo, F. Laudisio, A. Lauria, A. Ljubicic, A. Longhin, P. F. Loverre, A. Malgin, M. Malenica, G. Mandrioli, T. Matsuo, T. Matsushita, V. Matveev, N. Mauri, E. Medinaceli, A. Meregaglia, S. Mikado, M. Miyanishi, F. Mizutani, P. Monacelli, M. C. Montesi, K. Morishima, M. T. Muciaccia, N. Naganawa, T. Naka, M. Nakamura, T. Nakano, Y. Nakatsuka, K. Niwa, S. Ogawa, A. Olchevsky, T. Omura, K. Ozaki, A. Paoloni, L. Paparella, B. D. Park, I. G. Park, L. Pasqualini, A. Pastore, L. Patrizii, H. Pessard, C. Pistillo, D. Podgrudkov, N. Polukhina, M. Pozzato, F. Pupilli, M. Roda, T. Roganova, H. Rokujo, G. Rosa, O. Ryazhskaya, O. Sato, A. Schembri, W. Schmidt-Parzefall, I. Shakirianova, T. Shchedrina, A. Sheshukov, H. Shibuya, T. Shiraishi, G. Shoziyoev, S. Simone, M. Sioli, C. Sirignano, G. Sirri, A. Sotnikov, M. Spinetti, L. Stanco, N. Starkov, S. M. Stellacci, M. Stipcevic, P. Strolin, S. Takahashi, M. Tenti, F. Terranova, V. Tioukov, S. Tufanli, P. Vilain, M. Vladymyrov, L. Votano, J. L. Vuilleumier, G. Wilquet, B. Wonsak, C. S. Yoon, S. Zemskova

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114 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The OPERA experiment was designed to search for νμ→ντ oscillations in appearance mode, i.e., by detecting the τ leptons produced in charged current ντ interactions. The experiment took data from 2008 to 2012 in the CERN Neutrinos to Gran Sasso beam. The observation of the νμ→ντ appearance, achieved with four candidate events in a subsample of the data, was previously reported. In this Letter, a fifth ντ candidate event, found in an enlarged data sample, is described. Together with a further reduction of the expected background, the candidate events detected so far allow us to assess the discovery of νμ→ντ oscillations in appearance mode with a significance larger than 5σ.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121802
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume115
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 17 2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Agafonova, N., Aleksandrov, A., Anokhina, A., Aoki, S., Ariga, A., Ariga, T., Bender, D., Bertolin, A., Bodnarchuk, I., Bozza, C., Brugnera, R., Buonaura, A., Buontempo, S., Büttner, B., Chernyavsky, M., Chukanov, A., Consiglio, L., D'Ambrosio, N., De Lellis, G., ... Zemskova, S. (2015). Discovery of τ Neutrino Appearance in the CNGS Neutrino Beam with the OPERA Experiment. Physical Review Letters, 115(12), [121802]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.121802