Disruption of central antioxidant property of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 worsens circulatory homeostasis with baroreflex dysfunction in heart failure

Takuya Kishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Heart failure is defined as a disruption of circulatory homeostasis. We have demonstrated that baroreflex dysfunction strikingly disrupts circulatory homeostasis. Moreover, previous many reports have suggested that central excess oxidative stress causes sympathoexcitation in heart failure. However, the central mechanisms of baroreflex dysfunction with oxidative stress has not been fully clarified. Our hypothesis was that the impairment of central antioxidant property would worsen circulatory homeostasis with baroreflex dysfunction in heart failure. As the major antioxidant property in the brain, we focused on nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2; cytoprotective transcription factor). Hemodynamic and baroreflex function in conscious state were assessed by the radio-telemetry system. In the heart failure treated with intracerebroventricular (ICV) infusion of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB), sympathetic activation and brain oxidative stress were significantly lower, and baroreflex sensitivity and volume tolerance were significantly higher than in heart failure treated with vehicle. ICV infusion of Nrf2 activator decreased sympathetic activation and brain oxidative stress, and increased baroreflex sensitivity and volume tolerance to a greater extent than ARB. In conclusion, the disruption of central antioxidant property of Nrf2 worsened circulatory homeostasis with baroreflex dysfunction in heart failure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number646
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

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baroreflexes
homeostasis
Baroreflex
antioxidants
Antioxidants
Homeostasis
Oxidative stress
Heart Failure
Oxidative Stress
Brain
Intraventricular Infusions
brain
radio telemetry
Chemical activation
Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers
angiotensins
activation
Transcription factors
Hemodynamics
Telemetry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Heart failure is defined as a disruption of circulatory homeostasis. We have demonstrated that baroreflex dysfunction strikingly disrupts circulatory homeostasis. Moreover, previous many reports have suggested that central excess oxidative stress causes sympathoexcitation in heart failure. However, the central mechanisms of baroreflex dysfunction with oxidative stress has not been fully clarified. Our hypothesis was that the impairment of central antioxidant property would worsen circulatory homeostasis with baroreflex dysfunction in heart failure. As the major antioxidant property in the brain, we focused on nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2; cytoprotective transcription factor). Hemodynamic and baroreflex function in conscious state were assessed by the radio-telemetry system. In the heart failure treated with intracerebroventricular (ICV) infusion of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB), sympathetic activation and brain oxidative stress were significantly lower, and baroreflex sensitivity and volume tolerance were significantly higher than in heart failure treated with vehicle. ICV infusion of Nrf2 activator decreased sympathetic activation and brain oxidative stress, and increased baroreflex sensitivity and volume tolerance to a greater extent than ARB. In conclusion, the disruption of central antioxidant property of Nrf2 worsened circulatory homeostasis with baroreflex dysfunction in heart failure.",
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