We isolated peroxisome biogenesis-defective Chinese hamster ovary cell mutants from TKaG2 cells, wild-type CHO-K1 cells transformed with two cDNAs encoding rat Pex2p and peroxisome targeting signal (PTS) type 2-tagged green fluorescent protein, by the 9-(1'pyrene)nonanol/UV selection method. Ten mutant clones showed cytosolic PTS2-green fluorescent protein, indicative of a defect in PTS2 import, and were classified in five complementation groups, i.e. pex1, pex2, pex5, pex14, and group A. One PEX5-deficient mutant, ZPG231, showed a novel phenotype: PTS2 proteins in the cytosol, but PTS1 proteins and catalase in peroxisomes. In ZPG231, two isoforms of the PTS1 receptor Pex5p, a shorter Pex5pS and a longer Pex5pL, were expressed as in wild-type cells, but possessed the missense point mutation S214F in both Pex5p isoforms, termed Pex5pS-S214F and Pex5pL-S214F, respectively. The S214F mutation was located only one amino acid upstream of the Pex5pL-specific 37-amino acid insertion site. Pex5pS-S214F and Pex5pL-S214F interacted with peroxisomal proteins, including PTS1 protein, catalase, and Pex14p, as efficiently as normal Pex5p. In contrast, the S214F mutation severely affected the binding of Pex5pL to the PTS2 receptor Pex7p. Expression of Pex5pL-S214F in pex5 cell mutants defective in PTS1 and PTS2 transport restored peroxisomal import of PTS1, but not PTS2. Together, the results indicate that ZPG231 is the first cell mutant providing evidence that disruption of the Pex5pL-Pex7p interaction completely abolishes PTS2 import in mammals.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology