Dissipation of the Primordial Terrestrial Atmosphere Due to lrradiation of the Solar Far-UV during T Tauri Stage

SEKIYA Minoru, HAYASHI Chushiro, NAKAZAWA Kiyoshi, of Physics Kyoto University Department, of Physics Kyoto University Department, of Physics Kyoto University Department

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Abstract

If the Earth was formed in a stage before the gas of a solar nebula was dissipated, it was surrounded by a dense primitive atmosphere with the solar chemical composition. The atmosphere was gravitationally bound to the Earth after the solar nebula was dissipated by strong solar wind in a T Tauri stage. We calculate numerically the escape of this atmosphere due to heating by strong solar radiation, especially by far-UV radiation absorbed through photodissociation of water molecules. We assume that the flow of the atmospheric gas is spherically-symmetric and steady. The results show that the efficiency of mass loss by the far-UV radiation is very large compared with the case of EUV radiation, which was studied previously, and that the atmosphere was wholly dissipated within 2×10^7y, i.e., a typical period of the T Tauri stage, if the far-UV flux was more than 1×10^2 times as large as the present value. This flux is well expected from observations of T Tauri stars. The effect of solar wind is found to be unimportant.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1301-1316
Number of pages16
JournalProgress of Theoretical Physics
Volume66
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 25 1981
Externally publishedYes

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    Minoru, SEKIYA., Chushiro, HAYASHI., Kiyoshi, NAKAZAWA., Department, O. P. K. U., Department, O. P. K. U., & Department, O. P. K. U. (1981). Dissipation of the Primordial Terrestrial Atmosphere Due to lrradiation of the Solar Far-UV during T Tauri Stage. Progress of Theoretical Physics, 66(4), 1301-1316. https://doi.org/10.1143/PTP.66.1301