Dissolution rate of silicon nitride ceramics into molten CaO-SiO2-Al2O3 slags

Shoichirou Taira, Kunihiko Nakashima, Katsumi Mori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dissolution rates of silicon nitride ceramics into CaO-SiO2-10 mass%Al2O3 slags were measured by rotating specimen method. Experiments were conducted at various revolution speeds, temperatures, and CaO/SiO2 ratios. Moreover, the solubility of Si3N4 into the slags were measured to calculate the mass transfer coefficients of Si3N4. Based on these results, the dissolution mechanism of silicon nitride into the slags was discussed. The dissolution rate of silicon nitride ceramics increased with increasing revolution speed and rising temperature. These results suggested that the dissolution rate was controlled by mass transport in the boundary layer of molten slags. The dissolution rate of silicon nitride increased slightly with increasing CaO/SiO2 ratios. This increase of the dissolution rate is attributed to the increase of the diffusivity of the solute accompanied with the decrease of slag viscosity with CaO/SiO2 ratios. The chemical analysis of the slags after immersing silicon nitride ceramics showed that almost nitrogen in slags existed as N3- ions. On the other hand, the quantity of CN- ions was negligible, though the existence of CN- ions was confirmed. From the estimation of the interdiffusion coefficient DCaO-Si(3)N(4) in the molten slags using JD-factor, it was found that DCaO-Si(3)N(4) was a little smaller than DCaO-SiO(2). From this result, it was reasonable that N3- ions existed in the molten slags incorporated into silicate network such as silicate complex anion. These results showed that the dissolution of silicon nitride proceeded by the diffusion of the N3- ion incorporated into silicate anions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)540-546
Number of pages7
JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Volume59
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1995

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slags
Silicon nitride
silicon nitrides
Slags
Molten materials
dissolving
Dissolution
ceramics
Silicates
Ions
silicates
ions
Anions
Negative ions
Mass transfer
anions
silicon nitride
coefficients
chemical analysis
mass transfer

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Dissolution rate of silicon nitride ceramics into molten CaO-SiO2-Al2O3 slags. / Taira, Shoichirou; Nakashima, Kunihiko; Mori, Katsumi.

In: Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals, Vol. 59, No. 5, 01.01.1995, p. 540-546.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Dissolution rates of silicon nitride ceramics into CaO-SiO2-10 mass{\%}Al2O3 slags were measured by rotating specimen method. Experiments were conducted at various revolution speeds, temperatures, and CaO/SiO2 ratios. Moreover, the solubility of Si3N4 into the slags were measured to calculate the mass transfer coefficients of Si3N4. Based on these results, the dissolution mechanism of silicon nitride into the slags was discussed. The dissolution rate of silicon nitride ceramics increased with increasing revolution speed and rising temperature. These results suggested that the dissolution rate was controlled by mass transport in the boundary layer of molten slags. The dissolution rate of silicon nitride increased slightly with increasing CaO/SiO2 ratios. This increase of the dissolution rate is attributed to the increase of the diffusivity of the solute accompanied with the decrease of slag viscosity with CaO/SiO2 ratios. The chemical analysis of the slags after immersing silicon nitride ceramics showed that almost nitrogen in slags existed as N3- ions. On the other hand, the quantity of CN- ions was negligible, though the existence of CN- ions was confirmed. From the estimation of the interdiffusion coefficient DCaO-Si(3)N(4) in the molten slags using JD-factor, it was found that DCaO-Si(3)N(4) was a little smaller than DCaO-SiO(2). From this result, it was reasonable that N3- ions existed in the molten slags incorporated into silicate network such as silicate complex anion. These results showed that the dissolution of silicon nitride proceeded by the diffusion of the N3- ion incorporated into silicate anions.",
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