Activation of NK cells is triggered by multiple receptors. We demonstrate here that SLP-76 is required for CD16- and NKG2D-mediated NK cell cytotoxicity, while MIST negatively regulates these responses in an SLP-76-dependent manner. Exceptionally, MIST acts as a positive regulator of cytotoxicity against YAC-1 cells, although SLP-76 plays a more key role. SLP-76 acts as a dominant positive regulator for both NKG2D-mediated and YAC-1 cell-triggered IFN-γ production. Although NKG2D-mediated IFN-γ production depends on phospholipase C (PLC) γ2, YAC-1 cell-triggered IFN-γ production is PLCγ2- and Syk/ZAP-70 independent and nuclear factor-kappa B mediated. SLP-76 is required for this process in the presence of MIST but is dispensable in the absence of MIST. Thus, YAC-1 cell-triggered NKG2D-independent IFN-γ production appears to be regulated by SLP-76-dependent and -independent pathways, in which the latter is negatively regulated by MIST. Taken together, these results suggest that SLP-76 and MIST distinctly but interactively regulate NK cell cytotoxicity and IFN-γ production.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy