Distribution of HAP1-immunoreactive Cells in the Retrosplenial–retrohippocampal Area of Adult Rat Brain and Its Application to a Refined Neuroanatomical Understanding of the Region

Greggory Wroblewski, Md Nabiul Islam, Akie Yanai, Mir Rubayet Jahan, Koh hei Masumoto, Koh Shinoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Huntingtin-associated protein 1 (HAP1) is a neural interactor of huntingtin in Huntington's disease and interacts with gene products in a number of other neurodegenerative diseases. In normal brains, HAP1 is expressed abundantly in the hypothalamus and limbic-associated regions. These areas tend to be spared from neurodegeneration while those with little HAP1 are frequently neurodegenerative targets, suggesting its role as a protective factor against apoptosis. In light of the relationship between neurodegenerative diseases and deterioration of higher nervous activity, it is important to definitively clarify HAP1 expression in a cognitively important brain region, the retrosplenial–retrohippocampal area. Here, HAP1 expression was evaluated immunohistochemically over the retrosplenial cortex, the subicular complex, and the entorhinal and perirhinal cortices. HAP1-immunoreactive (ir) cells were classified into five discrete groups: (1) a distinct retrosplenial cell cluster exclusive to the superficial layers of the granular cortex, (2) a conspicuous, thin line of cells in layers IV/V of the “subiculum-backing cortex,” (3) a group of highly immunoreactive cells associated with the medial entorhinal–subicular corner, (4) pericallosal cells just below layer VI and adjacent to the white matter, and (5) other sporadic, widely-disseminated HAP1-immunoreactive cells. HAP1 was found to be the first marker for the complex subiculum-backing cortex and a precise marker for several subfields in the retrosplenial–retrohippocampal area, verified through comparative staining with other neurochemicals. HAP1 may play an important role in protecting these cortical structures and functions for higher nervous activity by increasing the threshold to neurodegeneration and decreasing vulnerability to stress or aging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-126
Number of pages18
JournalNeuroscience
Volume394
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

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