Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), structurally similar to glucagon, synthesized from the precursor proglucagon, is a well known anorexigenic peptide in the brain of several animal species. However, there are no previous reports concerning GLP-1-containing neurons in the chick brain. The aim of the present study was to investigate the distribution of proglucagon mRNA and GLP-1-immunoreactive (GLI) perikarya in various regions of the chick brain. We detected proglucagon mRNA in the brainstem, and to a lesser extent in the telencephalon. In the brainstem, a study using immunohistochemistry revealed that GLI perikarya were present in the nucleus motorius nervi facialis pars dosalis, nucleus motoris dorsalis nervi vagi and nucleus tractus solitarii. Furthermore, we found that proglucagon mRNA expression in the brainstem decreased after 24 h fasting. The present findings support the idea that endogenous GLP-1 is involved in feeding behavior of chicks.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A Molecular and Integrative Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology