Recently, it has been shown that 9-hydroxyellipticine (9-HE), an antitumor alkaloid has a unique property of restoring functional wild-type (wt) p53 activity via inhibition of mutant (mt) p53 protein phosphorylation. In the present study, we investigated the effect of 9-HE on the drug sensitivity of human pancreatic cancer cells. Exposure of cells to 9-HE at a relatively low concentration of 1 μM induced almost no cell death but was sufficient to restore wt p53 activity, as evidenced by an induction of endogenous p21(WAF1/CIP1) concomitant with G1 and G2/M arrests in cell-cycle progression. Pretreatment with 1 μM 9-HE markedly enhanced cell killing when combined with cisplatin or mitomycin C. In contrast, 9-HE pretreatment protected cells from killing by 5-fluorouracil, VP-16, or vincristine. These effects of 9-HE were specific for several cell lines containing mt p53 and were not observed in p53-negative or wt p53 expressing cells. Taken together, these findings suggest that 9-HE may exert different effects on the drug sensitivity of pancreatic cancer cells displaying p53 mutations possibly through restoration of wt p53. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research