Diversity of complement factor B/C2 in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio): Three isotypes of B/C2-A expressed in different tissues

Miki Nakao, Momoe Matsumoto, Mika Nakazawa, Kazuhiro Fujiki, Tomoki Yano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Complement factor B and C2 are two critical proteases for complement activation. Some bony fish have been reported to possess duplicated genes for B/C2, but there is no direct evidence regarding possible functional divergence. Here, we report the isolation of the second and third isotypes of carp B/C2-A, a close relative of other bony fish B reported to date, and designated B/C2-A2 and B/C2-A3. B/C2-A1 (previously reported B/C2-A) and B/C2-A2 share 78% amino acid identity and are synthesized mainly in hepatopancreas. On the other hand, B/C2-A3 showed less (∼60%) sequence identity with the other two isotypes. It was expressed mainly in kidney and spleen, and was up-regulated after injection of carp with scleroglucan or sodium alginate, known immunostimulants for fish. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that B/C2-A3 diverged before separation of carp and zebrafish. B/C2-A3 represent a novel B/C2-lineage functioning as an acute phase reactant in cyprinid fish.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-541
Number of pages9
JournalDevelopmental and Comparative Immunology
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 5 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Developmental Biology

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