Gastric cancer is multifactorial disease and several reports have described genetic factors involved in pathogenesis of gastric cancer. Recently, it was reported that HLA class II gene DQB1(*)0301 was strongly associated with gastric cancer in Caucasian population (20). We performed DNA typing of HLA class I (HLA-A) and HLA class II genes (HLA-DR, DQ and DP) to elucidate the HLA alleles or HLA haplotypes associated with gastric cancer in Japanese population using polymerase chain reaction-sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe analysis in 88 unrelated patients with gastric cancer and 525 unrelated healthy controls. We observed slight difference in frequencies of some HLA alleles and haplotypes between gastric cancer patients and controls; however, after Bonferroni correction, statistical significance was not confirmed. It is possible that environmental factors such as diet cover the contribution of genetic factors to the disease in Japanese population, which has a higher frequency of gastric cancer than do Caucasian populations, most likely due to more exposure to environmental risk factors.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy