DnaA binding locus datA promotes DnaA-ATP hydrolysis to enable cell cycle-coordinated replication initiation

Kazutoshi Kasho, Tsutomu Katayama

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Abstract

The initiation of chromosomal DNA replication is rigidly regulated to ensure that it occurs in a cell cycle-coordinated manner. To ensure this in Escherichia coli, multiple systems regulate the activity of the replication initiator ATP-DnaA. The level of ATP-DnaA increases before initiation after which it drops via DnaA-ATP hydrolysis, yielding initiation-inactive ADP-DnaA. DnaA-ATP hydrolysis is crucial to regulation of initiation and mainly occurs by a replication-coupled feedback mechanism named RIDA (regulatory inactivation of DnaA). Here, we report a second DnaA-ATP hydrolysis system that occurs at the chromosomal site datA. This locus has been annotated as a reservoir for DnaA that binds many DnaA molecules in a manner dependent upon the nucleoid-associated factor IHF (integration host factor), resulting in repression of untimely initiations; however, there is no direct evidence for the binding of many DnaA molecules at this locus. We reveal that a complex consisting of datA and IHF promotes DnaA-ATP hydrolysis in a manner dependent on specific inter-DnaA interactions. Deletion of datA or the ihf gene increased ATP-DnaA levels to the maximal attainable levels in RIDA-defective cells. Cell-cycle analysis suggested that IHF binds to datA just after replication initiation at a time when RIDA is activated. We propose a model in which cell cycle-coordinated ATP-DnaA inactivation is regulated in a concerted manner by RIDA and datA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)936-941
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume110
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2013

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