The initiation of chromosomal DNA replication is rigidly regulated to ensure that it occurs in a cell cycle-coordinated manner. To ensure this in Escherichia coli, multiple systems regulate the activity of the replication initiator ATP-DnaA. The level of ATP-DnaA increases before initiation after which it drops via DnaA-ATP hydrolysis, yielding initiation-inactive ADP-DnaA. DnaA-ATP hydrolysis is crucial to regulation of initiation and mainly occurs by a replication-coupled feedback mechanism named RIDA (regulatory inactivation of DnaA). Here, we report a second DnaA-ATP hydrolysis system that occurs at the chromosomal site datA. This locus has been annotated as a reservoir for DnaA that binds many DnaA molecules in a manner dependent upon the nucleoid-associated factor IHF (integration host factor), resulting in repression of untimely initiations; however, there is no direct evidence for the binding of many DnaA molecules at this locus. We reveal that a complex consisting of datA and IHF promotes DnaA-ATP hydrolysis in a manner dependent on specific inter-DnaA interactions. Deletion of datA or the ihf gene increased ATP-DnaA levels to the maximal attainable levels in RIDA-defective cells. Cell-cycle analysis suggested that IHF binds to datA just after replication initiation at a time when RIDA is activated. We propose a model in which cell cycle-coordinated ATP-DnaA inactivation is regulated in a concerted manner by RIDA and datA.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 15 2013|
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