DOCK1 inhibition suppresses cancer cell invasion and macropinocytosis induced by self-activating Rac1P29S mutation

Takahiro Tomino, Hirotada Tajiri, Takaaki Tatsuguchi, Takahiro Shirai, Kounosuke Oisaki, Shigeki Matsunaga, Fumiyuki Sanematsu, Daiji Sakata, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Yoshihiko Maehara, Motomu Kanai, Jean François Cote, Yoshinori Fukui, Takehito Uruno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rac1 is a member of the Rho family of small GTPases that regulates cytoskeletal reorganization, membrane polarization, cell migration and proliferation. Recently, a self-activating mutation of Rac1, Rac1P29S, has been identified as a recurrent somatic mutation frequently found in sun-exposed melanomas, which possesses increased inherent GDP/GTP exchange activity and cell transforming ability. However, the role of cellular Rac1-interacting proteins in the transforming potential of Rac1P29S remains unclear. We found that the catalytic domain of DOCK1, a Rac-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) implicated in malignancy of a variety of cancers, can greatly accelerate the GDP/GTP exchange of Rac1P29S. Enforced expression of Rac1P29S induced matrix invasion and macropinocytosis in wild-type (WT) mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs), but not in DOCK1-deficient MEFs. Consistently, a selective inhibitor of DOCK1 that blocks its GEF function suppressed the invasion and macropinocytosis in WT MEFs expressing Rac1P29S. Human melanoma IGR-1 and breast cancer MDA-MB-157 cells harbor Rac1P29S mutation and express DOCK1 endogenously. Genetic inactivation and pharmacological inhibition of DOCK1 suppressed their invasion and macropinocytosis. Taken together, these results indicate that DOCK1 is a critical regulator of the malignant phenotypes induced by Rac1P29S, and suggest that targeting DOCK1 might be an effective approach to treat cancers associated with Rac1P29S mutation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-304
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume497
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 26 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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