Does high hip centre affect dislocation after total hip arthroplasty for developmental dysplasia of the hip?

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Abstract

Background: To achieve sufficient socket coverage by the native bone, high placement of cementless acetabular cup is often required. We previously reported, using computer simulation, that higher hip centre improved the bone coverage but decreased the range of motion in total hip arthroplasty (THA) for patients with hip dysplasia. However, in a clinical setting, the correlation between the hip centre height and dislocation after primary THA is still unclear. We examined whether a high hip centre affects dislocation after THA. Methods: A total of 910 patients, with 1079 dysplastic hips, who underwent primary THA were retrospectively reviewed. The age at THA averaged 63.0 years and mean follow-up was 74.3 months. Vertical centre of rotation (V-COR) was defined as the distance from the head centre to the interteardrop line. Uni- and multivariate logistic regression models were applied to identify significant factors affecting dislocation. Results: Ten hips in nine patients (0.9%) had dislocation after THA. In univariate analysis, age at surgery and V-COR were significant risk factors for dislocation. Multivariate analysis identified advanced age at operation (odds ratio [OR] 1.8/5 years), Crowe classification (OR 15.6), V-COR (OR 3.1/5 mm), and femoral head size (OR 11.6) as independent risk factors for dislocation. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed the cutoff value of the V-COR for dislocation as 23.9 mm. Conclusions: A higher hip centre with the V-COR > 23.9 mm affected dislocation after THA for DDH. Our results would be useful for reconstruction of the hip centre, particularly with cementless acetabular cups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2057-2063
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Orthopaedics
Volume43
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 5 2019

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Hip Dislocation
Arthroplasty
Hip
Odds Ratio
Logistic Models
Bone and Bones
Articular Range of Motion
Thigh
ROC Curve
Computer Simulation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

@article{3391210fcd8c4d45a6917deead1e34cd,
title = "Does high hip centre affect dislocation after total hip arthroplasty for developmental dysplasia of the hip?",
abstract = "Background: To achieve sufficient socket coverage by the native bone, high placement of cementless acetabular cup is often required. We previously reported, using computer simulation, that higher hip centre improved the bone coverage but decreased the range of motion in total hip arthroplasty (THA) for patients with hip dysplasia. However, in a clinical setting, the correlation between the hip centre height and dislocation after primary THA is still unclear. We examined whether a high hip centre affects dislocation after THA. Methods: A total of 910 patients, with 1079 dysplastic hips, who underwent primary THA were retrospectively reviewed. The age at THA averaged 63.0 years and mean follow-up was 74.3 months. Vertical centre of rotation (V-COR) was defined as the distance from the head centre to the interteardrop line. Uni- and multivariate logistic regression models were applied to identify significant factors affecting dislocation. Results: Ten hips in nine patients (0.9{\%}) had dislocation after THA. In univariate analysis, age at surgery and V-COR were significant risk factors for dislocation. Multivariate analysis identified advanced age at operation (odds ratio [OR] 1.8/5 years), Crowe classification (OR 15.6), V-COR (OR 3.1/5 mm), and femoral head size (OR 11.6) as independent risk factors for dislocation. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed the cutoff value of the V-COR for dislocation as 23.9 mm. Conclusions: A higher hip centre with the V-COR > 23.9 mm affected dislocation after THA for DDH. Our results would be useful for reconstruction of the hip centre, particularly with cementless acetabular cups.",
author = "Keisuke Komiyama and Jun-Ichi Fukushi and goro motomura and Satoshi Hamai and Satoshi Ikemura and Masanori Fujii and Yasuharu Nakashima",
year = "2019",
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doi = "10.1007/s00264-018-4154-x",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "2057--2063",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Does high hip centre affect dislocation after total hip arthroplasty for developmental dysplasia of the hip?

AU - Komiyama, Keisuke

AU - Fukushi, Jun-Ichi

AU - motomura, goro

AU - Hamai, Satoshi

AU - Ikemura, Satoshi

AU - Fujii, Masanori

AU - Nakashima, Yasuharu

PY - 2019/9/5

Y1 - 2019/9/5

N2 - Background: To achieve sufficient socket coverage by the native bone, high placement of cementless acetabular cup is often required. We previously reported, using computer simulation, that higher hip centre improved the bone coverage but decreased the range of motion in total hip arthroplasty (THA) for patients with hip dysplasia. However, in a clinical setting, the correlation between the hip centre height and dislocation after primary THA is still unclear. We examined whether a high hip centre affects dislocation after THA. Methods: A total of 910 patients, with 1079 dysplastic hips, who underwent primary THA were retrospectively reviewed. The age at THA averaged 63.0 years and mean follow-up was 74.3 months. Vertical centre of rotation (V-COR) was defined as the distance from the head centre to the interteardrop line. Uni- and multivariate logistic regression models were applied to identify significant factors affecting dislocation. Results: Ten hips in nine patients (0.9%) had dislocation after THA. In univariate analysis, age at surgery and V-COR were significant risk factors for dislocation. Multivariate analysis identified advanced age at operation (odds ratio [OR] 1.8/5 years), Crowe classification (OR 15.6), V-COR (OR 3.1/5 mm), and femoral head size (OR 11.6) as independent risk factors for dislocation. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed the cutoff value of the V-COR for dislocation as 23.9 mm. Conclusions: A higher hip centre with the V-COR > 23.9 mm affected dislocation after THA for DDH. Our results would be useful for reconstruction of the hip centre, particularly with cementless acetabular cups.

AB - Background: To achieve sufficient socket coverage by the native bone, high placement of cementless acetabular cup is often required. We previously reported, using computer simulation, that higher hip centre improved the bone coverage but decreased the range of motion in total hip arthroplasty (THA) for patients with hip dysplasia. However, in a clinical setting, the correlation between the hip centre height and dislocation after primary THA is still unclear. We examined whether a high hip centre affects dislocation after THA. Methods: A total of 910 patients, with 1079 dysplastic hips, who underwent primary THA were retrospectively reviewed. The age at THA averaged 63.0 years and mean follow-up was 74.3 months. Vertical centre of rotation (V-COR) was defined as the distance from the head centre to the interteardrop line. Uni- and multivariate logistic regression models were applied to identify significant factors affecting dislocation. Results: Ten hips in nine patients (0.9%) had dislocation after THA. In univariate analysis, age at surgery and V-COR were significant risk factors for dislocation. Multivariate analysis identified advanced age at operation (odds ratio [OR] 1.8/5 years), Crowe classification (OR 15.6), V-COR (OR 3.1/5 mm), and femoral head size (OR 11.6) as independent risk factors for dislocation. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed the cutoff value of the V-COR for dislocation as 23.9 mm. Conclusions: A higher hip centre with the V-COR > 23.9 mm affected dislocation after THA for DDH. Our results would be useful for reconstruction of the hip centre, particularly with cementless acetabular cups.

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U2 - 10.1007/s00264-018-4154-x

DO - 10.1007/s00264-018-4154-x

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SP - 2057

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JO - International Orthopaedics

JF - International Orthopaedics

SN - 0341-2695

IS - 9

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