Pazopanib, trabectedin, and eribulin are administered for the treatment of soft tissue sarcomas (STSs); however, there is little consensus on which agent should be preferentially used in a clinical setting. This study assessed whether peripheral immune‐related markers served as a useful reference when selecting pazopanib, trabectedin, or eribulin. This study included 63 patients who were administered pazopanib, trabectedin, or eribulin for advanced STSs between March 2015 and December 2020. Patients were divided into three groups based on the first drug administered among these three drugs. Differences in overall survival (OS) or progression‐free survival (PFS) among the three groups were analyzed. OS showed no significant differences among the drugs administered first. For patients with low neutrophil‐to‐lymphocyte ratio (NLR), the OS of patients administered pazopanib as the first choice was shorter than the others (hazard ratio [HR] = 9.53, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.94–18.13, p = 0.0018). In the low platelet‐to‐lymphocyte ratio (PLR) subgroup, the OS of the patients administered eribulin for the first choice was longer than that of the others (HR = 0.32, 95%CI = 0.10–0.98, p = 0.046). Therefore, NLR and PLR might be used as prognostic indicators to dictate whether STS patients receive pazopanib, trabectedin, or eribulin.
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