Dose-dependent effect of dietary conjugated linoleic acid on the growth of rat hepatoma dRLh-84 cells in vivo

Masao Yamasaki, Atsushi Ikeda, Akira Hirao, Yoko Tanaka, Tatsuya Rikimaru, Mitsuo Shimada, Keizo Sugimachi, Hirofumi Tachibana, Koji Yamada

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Abstract

In this study, the effect of varying doses of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on the growth of transplanted hepatoma dRLh-84 cells and the relationship between tumor growth and prostaglandin (PG) E2 production or cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression were examined. Donryu rats were fed an experimental diet containing 0, 0.1, 0.5, or 2 wt.% CLA for 3 wk, and then dRLh-84 cells were transplanted into the liver. Results show that dietary CLA (0.5 and 2 wt.%) significantly enhanced the growth of the transplanted hepatoma cells compared to the non-CLA diet group at 20 d after cell transplantation. Tumor weight at 10 d after transplantation was also significantly higher in the 2 wt.% CLA group than in non-CLA fed rats. Ten days after transplantation, the PGE2 level in the tumor tissue was shown to be depressed in a CLA dose-dependent manner. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA expression in the tumor also tended to be lower in the CLA group than in the non-CLA diet group 10 d after transplantation. Dietary CLA did not affect the tumor phospholipid arachidonic acid level, which is a substrate for PG synthesis. These results indicate that dietary CLA of at least 0.5 wt.% enhances the growth of transplanted dRLh-84 cells in vivo. It is believed that growth promotion of dRLh-84 cells in vivo by CLA cannot be clarified by the PG synthesis dependent mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-511
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
Volume48
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2002

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Conjugated Linoleic Acids
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Growth
Linoleic Acid
Transplantation
Cyclooxygenase 2
Diet
Dinoprostone
Prostaglandins
Neoplasms
Cell Transplantation
Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases
Tumor Burden
Arachidonic Acid
Phospholipids
Messenger RNA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Dose-dependent effect of dietary conjugated linoleic acid on the growth of rat hepatoma dRLh-84 cells in vivo. / Yamasaki, Masao; Ikeda, Atsushi; Hirao, Akira; Tanaka, Yoko; Rikimaru, Tatsuya; Shimada, Mitsuo; Sugimachi, Keizo; Tachibana, Hirofumi; Yamada, Koji.

In: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology, Vol. 48, No. 6, 01.01.2002, p. 505-511.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yamasaki, Masao ; Ikeda, Atsushi ; Hirao, Akira ; Tanaka, Yoko ; Rikimaru, Tatsuya ; Shimada, Mitsuo ; Sugimachi, Keizo ; Tachibana, Hirofumi ; Yamada, Koji. / Dose-dependent effect of dietary conjugated linoleic acid on the growth of rat hepatoma dRLh-84 cells in vivo. In: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology. 2002 ; Vol. 48, No. 6. pp. 505-511.
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