A carbon dioxide sensor using molten carbonate electrolyte with double-cell structure was examined; one cell was employed for electrochemical pumping of CO2 and O2 from ambient atmosphere and the other was used for sensing of the ambient CO2 with the pumped CO2-O2 mixture as a reference gas. The sensor was operated at 600 °C for the sensing of CO2-containing air. By sending appropriate current, the pumping cell could provide CO2 and O2 at 2/3 and 1/3 of the atmospheric pressure, respectively. The sensing cell showed EMF with respect to the CO2 and O2 partial pressures against the pumped CO2-O2 reference gas. The sensor could determine the partial pressure of CO2 in the examined range of 26 to 1×104 Pa (260-100,000 ppm).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry