Many lines of evidence have suggested that neuropeptides other than pigment-dispersing factor (PDF) are involved in regulating insect circadian rhythms, and FMRFamide-related peptides are additional candidates acting as such neuromodulators. Double-immunolabelling in insect brains with anti-crustacean β-PDH and anti-FMRFamide antibodies had previously suggested that insect PDF and FMRFamide-like peptides may coexist in the same cells. However, it is critical for this kind of comparative investigations to use antibodies of proven specificity, to eliminate the possibility of both reciprocal cross-reactivity and the detection of unknown peptides. In the present study, we achieved the cDNA cloning of an fmrf mRNA from the housefly Musca domestica, for which co-localization of FMRFamide and PDF peptides was previously suggested. In order to examine the possible co-expression of this gene with the pdf gene, we carried out double-labelled in situ hybridization for simultaneous detection of both pdf and fmrf mRNAs in housefly, Musca brains. The results clearly indicated that they occur in distinctly different cells. This was also proven for the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster by similar double-labelled in situ hybridization. The results thus revealed no reason to evoke the physiological release of FMRFamide and PDF peptides from the same neurons.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology