Background: Patients with ankylosing spines are susceptible to developing spinal fractures even with minor trauma and can develop early or late neurological injuries. These fractures require early and aggressive surgical management to enable spinal stability and/or neural decompression. Being highly unstable by nature, they require relatively long segment instrumentation and fusion, which can increase paravertebral soft tissue damage and perioperative bleeding. The purpose of this report is to describe a rare case of traumatic double fractures at the cervico-thoracic and thoraco-lumbar transition zones in ankylosing spine with spondylo-epiphyseal dysplasia (SED) of unknown cause, which were successfully treated with a combined open and percutaneous spinal fusion procedure. Case presentation: A 46-year-old woman who was diagnosed with non-contiguous fractures in cervico-thoracic and thoraco-lumbar junction zones among multiple injuries sustained in a traffic accident was treated with hybrid techniques for posterior instrumentation with an open approach using a computed tomography (CT)-based navigation system and percutaneous pedicle-screwing method. She regained mobility to pre-admission levels and started walking on crutches 3 months postoperatively. Genetic testing for the cause of SED revealed no mutation in the COL2A1 or TRPVR4 genes. The union of fractured spine was confirmed on CT scan 1 year postoperatively. Conclusion: This is the first report of double spinal fractures in an ankylosing spine with genetically undetermined spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia. A long-segment posterior instrumentation procedure incorporating the invasive treatment of spinal fractures in ankylosing spondylitis or diffuse idiopathic hyperostosis was effective.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)