Immature vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) proliferate responding to extrinsic mitogens and accumulate in neointima after arterial injuries. Cell proliferation is positively regulated by cyclin/cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) complex and negatively controlled by CDK inhibitors; CKIs such as p27 kip1 and p57kip2. In this study, embryonic rat thoracic aorta VSMCs; A10 were G0/G1 arrested by serum starvation, re-stimulated with serum, and harvested every four hours. Both CKIs co-expressed in quiescent VSMCs and rapidly diminished by stimulation. Protein level of p27kip1 was regulated by both transcription and post-transcription, but that of p57 kip2 was mainly by post-transcription. Supplemental overexpression of p57kip2 inhibited the activations of G1 cyclin/CDKs and subsequent hyperphosphorylations of all three retinoblastoma pocket proteins as well as G1/S transition of cell cycle. Our findings suggest that the downregulations of not only p27kip1, but also p57kip2 responding to mitogenic stimulation, play key roles in the cell cycle progression of VSMCs.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 23 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology