The regulation of drug metabolic activity of cultured hepatocytes can be applied to the evaluation of pharmacokinetics, analysis of drug delivery and the bioartificial liver system. It is very difficult to maintain the drug metabolic activity mediated by cytochrome P-450 (CYP) 3A. Recently we found that the CYP3A aminopyrine N-demethylase (AMND) activity of hepatocytes cultured on collagen surface oscillated with culture time. This phenomenon was related to the concentration of bile acid in the culture medium. CYP3A, multidrug resistant gene 2 (MDR2) and heat shock protein 84 (HSP84) mRNA appeared in a manner corresponding to this oscillation. When a large quantity of bile acid was taken up into hepatocytes from the medium, low AMND activity was observed, and these proteins did not appear. When bile acid was secreted and the bile acid concentration inside the hepatocytes was low, high AMND activity was obtained, and these proteins appeared. In order to clarify the mechanism of oscillation between AMND activity and bile acid, 8 μM glycocholic acid was added to the culture medium 15 h before the measurement. No oscillation in AMND activity was observed in the presence of 8 μM glycocholic acid. Bile acid controls the AMND activity in the transcription of hepatocytes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology