A dual-bias method using a grid mesh inserted into the front of a substrate has been employed to control the ion-to-adatom flux ratio in an inductively coupled plasma for depositing crystalline materials preferring low-energy ion bombardment. The Langmuir probe measurements revealed that the ion flux toward the substrate decreased with increasing a positive substrate bias with the grid grounded, while it increased with increasing a positive grid bias with the substrate grounded. Ion energy analyses along the diffusing plasma stream by using a probe and a mass spectrometer revealed the contribution of a high-energy tail in the ion-energy distribution into the bombarding ion flux. The ion-assisted deposition of diamond at a pressure of 10 mTorr was performed at a bombarding ion energy as low as the drifting energy (∼several eV). The results indicate the need for optimizing the ion-to-adatom flux ratio for efficient migration and clustering of precursor adatoms yielding a high nucleation density over 109 cm-2.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)