Objective We aimed to evaluate the outcomes of growth-restricted fetuses with absent end-diastolic velocity in the umbilical arteries (UA-AEDV), and investigate the relationship between Doppler flow velocity waveforms in the ductus venosus (DV) and the clinical features. Materials and methods This was a retrospective study of growth-restricted fetuses diagnosed with UA-AEDV delivered at our institution between 2013 and 2015. The time from diagnosis of UA-AEDV to delivery, postnatal survival, and developmental prognoses were the primary outcomes. The time lag between the occurrence of UA-AEDV and an abnormal increase in the DV pulsatility index (DV-PI) were investigated. We also examined the correlation between the DV-PI values immediately before birth and umbilical cord arterial pH at birth. Results The median gestational age at birth among the 18 subjects was 28+2 (24+0–34+6) weeks, and the observation period between the first detection of UA-AEDV and delivery ranged from 0 to 35 days with a median of 8 days. Among the 18 infants, 15 (83%) survived, among whom 2 were diagnosed with a developmental disability. Gestational age at delivery was significantly lower in the poor outcome group. A positive correlation (correlation coefficient, 0.68) was observed between the umbilical artery pH and the last measured DV-PI. Conclusion The time interval from initial detection of UA-AEDV to delivery is highly variable, and it is reasonable to manage these growth-restricted fetuses with UA-AEDV expectantly with careful surveillance for fetal well-being. Specifically, Doppler DV analysis is clinically valuable for their evaluation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology