Durability of carbon-supported La-Mn-based perovskite-type oxides as oxygen reduction catalysts in strong alkaline solution

Masayoshi Yuasa, Noboru Yamazoe, Kengo Shimanoe

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Abstract

The durability of carbon-supported La-Mn-based perovskites for the oxygen reduction reaction in strong alkaline solutions was investigated. Carbon-supported perovskite-type oxide nanoparticles were prepared by using a reverse micelle method. The durability of the carbon-supported LaMnO3 nanoparticles was compared with that of carbon-supported LaMnO3 prepared by the mechanical mixing of LaMnO3 with the carbon support. As a result, the durability of the carbon-supported LaMnO3 nanoparticles was less than that of the carbon-supported LaMnO3 prepared by the mixing method due to a difference in the surface area of LaMnO3, which has an effect on the oxygen reduction reaction. In order to improve the durability of the carbon-supported LaMnO3 nanoparticles, Ca and Fe were substituted at the A-sites and B-sites of the perovskite lattice, respectively. As a result, it was found that the partial substitution of Ca and Fe is effective in improving the durability of LaMnO 3 under cathodic polarization in strong alkaline solutions. In particular, the substitution of Ca at the A-site not only improved the durability of the oxide but also enhanced the oxygen reduction activity owing to an increase in the average valence state of the B-sites of the perovskite lattice.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume158
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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durability
Perovskite
Oxides
Durability
Carbon
Oxygen
catalysts
Catalysts
oxides
carbon
oxygen
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
Substitution reactions
substitutes
Cathodic polarization
perovskite
Micelles
perovskites
micelles

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrochemistry
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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abstract = "The durability of carbon-supported La-Mn-based perovskites for the oxygen reduction reaction in strong alkaline solutions was investigated. Carbon-supported perovskite-type oxide nanoparticles were prepared by using a reverse micelle method. The durability of the carbon-supported LaMnO3 nanoparticles was compared with that of carbon-supported LaMnO3 prepared by the mechanical mixing of LaMnO3 with the carbon support. As a result, the durability of the carbon-supported LaMnO3 nanoparticles was less than that of the carbon-supported LaMnO3 prepared by the mixing method due to a difference in the surface area of LaMnO3, which has an effect on the oxygen reduction reaction. In order to improve the durability of the carbon-supported LaMnO3 nanoparticles, Ca and Fe were substituted at the A-sites and B-sites of the perovskite lattice, respectively. As a result, it was found that the partial substitution of Ca and Fe is effective in improving the durability of LaMnO 3 under cathodic polarization in strong alkaline solutions. In particular, the substitution of Ca at the A-site not only improved the durability of the oxide but also enhanced the oxygen reduction activity owing to an increase in the average valence state of the B-sites of the perovskite lattice.",
author = "Masayoshi Yuasa and Noboru Yamazoe and Kengo Shimanoe",
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AU - Yamazoe, Noboru

AU - Shimanoe, Kengo

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - The durability of carbon-supported La-Mn-based perovskites for the oxygen reduction reaction in strong alkaline solutions was investigated. Carbon-supported perovskite-type oxide nanoparticles were prepared by using a reverse micelle method. The durability of the carbon-supported LaMnO3 nanoparticles was compared with that of carbon-supported LaMnO3 prepared by the mechanical mixing of LaMnO3 with the carbon support. As a result, the durability of the carbon-supported LaMnO3 nanoparticles was less than that of the carbon-supported LaMnO3 prepared by the mixing method due to a difference in the surface area of LaMnO3, which has an effect on the oxygen reduction reaction. In order to improve the durability of the carbon-supported LaMnO3 nanoparticles, Ca and Fe were substituted at the A-sites and B-sites of the perovskite lattice, respectively. As a result, it was found that the partial substitution of Ca and Fe is effective in improving the durability of LaMnO 3 under cathodic polarization in strong alkaline solutions. In particular, the substitution of Ca at the A-site not only improved the durability of the oxide but also enhanced the oxygen reduction activity owing to an increase in the average valence state of the B-sites of the perovskite lattice.

AB - The durability of carbon-supported La-Mn-based perovskites for the oxygen reduction reaction in strong alkaline solutions was investigated. Carbon-supported perovskite-type oxide nanoparticles were prepared by using a reverse micelle method. The durability of the carbon-supported LaMnO3 nanoparticles was compared with that of carbon-supported LaMnO3 prepared by the mechanical mixing of LaMnO3 with the carbon support. As a result, the durability of the carbon-supported LaMnO3 nanoparticles was less than that of the carbon-supported LaMnO3 prepared by the mixing method due to a difference in the surface area of LaMnO3, which has an effect on the oxygen reduction reaction. In order to improve the durability of the carbon-supported LaMnO3 nanoparticles, Ca and Fe were substituted at the A-sites and B-sites of the perovskite lattice, respectively. As a result, it was found that the partial substitution of Ca and Fe is effective in improving the durability of LaMnO 3 under cathodic polarization in strong alkaline solutions. In particular, the substitution of Ca at the A-site not only improved the durability of the oxide but also enhanced the oxygen reduction activity owing to an increase in the average valence state of the B-sites of the perovskite lattice.

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