Dynamic coupling between the lower and upper atmosphere by tides and gravity waves

S. Miyahara, Y. Yoshida, Y. Miyoshi

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97 Citations (Scopus)


Results of a General Circulation Model simulation of the dynamics of the middle atmosphere are shown focusing our attention to the tidal wave mean flow interaction and propagation of migrating diurnal and semidiurnal tides in the model. It is shown that migrating tidal waves are well simulated and the amplitude growth with height is effectively suppressed by the convective adjustment in the model. It is also shown that the dissipating solar diurnal tide plays an important role in inducing mean zonal winds in the low latitude region of the lower thermosphere. The behavior of non-migrating diurnal tides is also analyzed to show that non-migrating diurnal tides have significant amplitudes in the lower thermosphere. It is suggested that the non-migrating diurnal tide, which propagates against background mean zonal winds, has the possibility to propagate into the middle to high latitude region due to the Doppler effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1039-1053
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1993

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Geophysics
  • Engineering(all)
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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