Dynamic electrophoretic mobility of colloidal particles measured by the newly developed method of quasi-elastic light scattering in a sinusoidal electric field

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Abstract

We developed a new method for measuring the dynamic electrophoretic mobility μ* and apparent diffusion coefficient D of colloidal particles in a sinusoidal electric field by employing the heterodyne method of light scattering. The frequency of the scattered light is sinusoidally modulated due to the Doppler effect if there is no Brownian motion of colloidal particles. The undesirable influence of Brownian motion is removed by squaring the time-domain signal, and μ* is obtained from the second and fourth harmonic components of signal detected with a lock-in amplifier. On the other hand, the influence of electrophoresis is excluded to obtain D by calculating the autocorrelation function of the component at the same frequency of the applied electric field. This method is applied to a suspension of latex particles, and the complex spectrum of μ* is successfully measured for the first time in a wide frequency range below 50 kHz. The obtained spectrum of μ* shows relaxation, and the apparent diffusion coefficient D has the applied field dependence. These findings are probably due to an anomalous double-layer polarization process which has been theoretically predicted. The applicability of our method to the measurement for concentrated colloidal suspensions through which laser light cannot pass is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9547-9554
Number of pages8
JournalLangmuir
Volume16
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 28 2000

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Electrophoretic mobility
Elastic scattering
Brownian movement
Light scattering
Suspensions
elastic scattering
light scattering
Electric fields
electric fields
Doppler effect
Latex
diffusion coefficient
Electrophoresis
Latexes
Autocorrelation
Particles (particulate matter)
Polarization
electrophoresis
latex
autocorrelation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Dynamic electrophoretic mobility of colloidal particles measured by the newly developed method of quasi-elastic light scattering in a sinusoidal electric field",
abstract = "We developed a new method for measuring the dynamic electrophoretic mobility μ* and apparent diffusion coefficient D of colloidal particles in a sinusoidal electric field by employing the heterodyne method of light scattering. The frequency of the scattered light is sinusoidally modulated due to the Doppler effect if there is no Brownian motion of colloidal particles. The undesirable influence of Brownian motion is removed by squaring the time-domain signal, and μ* is obtained from the second and fourth harmonic components of signal detected with a lock-in amplifier. On the other hand, the influence of electrophoresis is excluded to obtain D by calculating the autocorrelation function of the component at the same frequency of the applied electric field. This method is applied to a suspension of latex particles, and the complex spectrum of μ* is successfully measured for the first time in a wide frequency range below 50 kHz. The obtained spectrum of μ* shows relaxation, and the apparent diffusion coefficient D has the applied field dependence. These findings are probably due to an anomalous double-layer polarization process which has been theoretically predicted. The applicability of our method to the measurement for concentrated colloidal suspensions through which laser light cannot pass is also discussed.",
author = "Daisuke Mizuno and Yasuyuki Kimura and R. Hayakawa",
year = "2000",
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T1 - Dynamic electrophoretic mobility of colloidal particles measured by the newly developed method of quasi-elastic light scattering in a sinusoidal electric field

AU - Mizuno, Daisuke

AU - Kimura, Yasuyuki

AU - Hayakawa, R.

PY - 2000/11/28

Y1 - 2000/11/28

N2 - We developed a new method for measuring the dynamic electrophoretic mobility μ* and apparent diffusion coefficient D of colloidal particles in a sinusoidal electric field by employing the heterodyne method of light scattering. The frequency of the scattered light is sinusoidally modulated due to the Doppler effect if there is no Brownian motion of colloidal particles. The undesirable influence of Brownian motion is removed by squaring the time-domain signal, and μ* is obtained from the second and fourth harmonic components of signal detected with a lock-in amplifier. On the other hand, the influence of electrophoresis is excluded to obtain D by calculating the autocorrelation function of the component at the same frequency of the applied electric field. This method is applied to a suspension of latex particles, and the complex spectrum of μ* is successfully measured for the first time in a wide frequency range below 50 kHz. The obtained spectrum of μ* shows relaxation, and the apparent diffusion coefficient D has the applied field dependence. These findings are probably due to an anomalous double-layer polarization process which has been theoretically predicted. The applicability of our method to the measurement for concentrated colloidal suspensions through which laser light cannot pass is also discussed.

AB - We developed a new method for measuring the dynamic electrophoretic mobility μ* and apparent diffusion coefficient D of colloidal particles in a sinusoidal electric field by employing the heterodyne method of light scattering. The frequency of the scattered light is sinusoidally modulated due to the Doppler effect if there is no Brownian motion of colloidal particles. The undesirable influence of Brownian motion is removed by squaring the time-domain signal, and μ* is obtained from the second and fourth harmonic components of signal detected with a lock-in amplifier. On the other hand, the influence of electrophoresis is excluded to obtain D by calculating the autocorrelation function of the component at the same frequency of the applied electric field. This method is applied to a suspension of latex particles, and the complex spectrum of μ* is successfully measured for the first time in a wide frequency range below 50 kHz. The obtained spectrum of μ* shows relaxation, and the apparent diffusion coefficient D has the applied field dependence. These findings are probably due to an anomalous double-layer polarization process which has been theoretically predicted. The applicability of our method to the measurement for concentrated colloidal suspensions through which laser light cannot pass is also discussed.

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