Dynamic ligand exchange of the lanthanide complex leading to structural and functional transformation: One-pot sequential catalytic asymmetric epoxidation-regioselective epoxide-opening process

Shin Ya Tosaki, Riichiro Tsuji, Takashi Ohshima, Masakatsu Shibasaki

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81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The characteristic property of the lanthanide complex, which easily undergoes a dynamic ligand exchange and alters its structure and function in situ, is described. After the completion of the catalytic asymmetric epoxidation of various α,β-unsaturated amides 2 in the presence of the Sm-(S)-BINOL-Ph3-As=O (1:1:1) complex 1 (2-10 mol %), the addition of Me3SiN3 directly to the reaction mixture led to smooth epoxide-opening at room temperature, affording the corresponding anti-β-azido-α-hydroxyamide 4 in excellent overall yield (up to 99%) with complete regioselectivity and excellent enantiomeric excess (up to >99%). The key to the success of the sequential process was the in situ generation of the highly reactive samarium azide complex through dynamic ligand exchange. In situ IR spectroscopy and other experiments provided strong evidence that the samarium azide complex was generated. In addition, the relatively high Lewis basicity of the amide moiety had a key role in the high reactivity of both the epoxidation and the epoxide-opening reactions. Examinations of other nucleophiles such as sulfur or carbon nucleophiles as well as transformations of epoxide-opened products are also described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2147-2155
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume127
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 23 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Lanthanoid Series Elements
Samarium
Nucleophiles
Epoxidation
Epoxy Compounds
Rare earth elements
Amides
Azides
Ligands
Regioselectivity
Alkalinity
Infrared spectroscopy
Sulfur
Carbon
Spectrum Analysis
Temperature
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Dynamic ligand exchange of the lanthanide complex leading to structural and functional transformation: One-pot sequential catalytic asymmetric epoxidation-regioselective epoxide-opening process",
abstract = "The characteristic property of the lanthanide complex, which easily undergoes a dynamic ligand exchange and alters its structure and function in situ, is described. After the completion of the catalytic asymmetric epoxidation of various α,β-unsaturated amides 2 in the presence of the Sm-(S)-BINOL-Ph3-As=O (1:1:1) complex 1 (2-10 mol {\%}), the addition of Me3SiN3 directly to the reaction mixture led to smooth epoxide-opening at room temperature, affording the corresponding anti-β-azido-α-hydroxyamide 4 in excellent overall yield (up to 99{\%}) with complete regioselectivity and excellent enantiomeric excess (up to >99{\%}). The key to the success of the sequential process was the in situ generation of the highly reactive samarium azide complex through dynamic ligand exchange. In situ IR spectroscopy and other experiments provided strong evidence that the samarium azide complex was generated. In addition, the relatively high Lewis basicity of the amide moiety had a key role in the high reactivity of both the epoxidation and the epoxide-opening reactions. Examinations of other nucleophiles such as sulfur or carbon nucleophiles as well as transformations of epoxide-opened products are also described.",
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N2 - The characteristic property of the lanthanide complex, which easily undergoes a dynamic ligand exchange and alters its structure and function in situ, is described. After the completion of the catalytic asymmetric epoxidation of various α,β-unsaturated amides 2 in the presence of the Sm-(S)-BINOL-Ph3-As=O (1:1:1) complex 1 (2-10 mol %), the addition of Me3SiN3 directly to the reaction mixture led to smooth epoxide-opening at room temperature, affording the corresponding anti-β-azido-α-hydroxyamide 4 in excellent overall yield (up to 99%) with complete regioselectivity and excellent enantiomeric excess (up to >99%). The key to the success of the sequential process was the in situ generation of the highly reactive samarium azide complex through dynamic ligand exchange. In situ IR spectroscopy and other experiments provided strong evidence that the samarium azide complex was generated. In addition, the relatively high Lewis basicity of the amide moiety had a key role in the high reactivity of both the epoxidation and the epoxide-opening reactions. Examinations of other nucleophiles such as sulfur or carbon nucleophiles as well as transformations of epoxide-opened products are also described.

AB - The characteristic property of the lanthanide complex, which easily undergoes a dynamic ligand exchange and alters its structure and function in situ, is described. After the completion of the catalytic asymmetric epoxidation of various α,β-unsaturated amides 2 in the presence of the Sm-(S)-BINOL-Ph3-As=O (1:1:1) complex 1 (2-10 mol %), the addition of Me3SiN3 directly to the reaction mixture led to smooth epoxide-opening at room temperature, affording the corresponding anti-β-azido-α-hydroxyamide 4 in excellent overall yield (up to 99%) with complete regioselectivity and excellent enantiomeric excess (up to >99%). The key to the success of the sequential process was the in situ generation of the highly reactive samarium azide complex through dynamic ligand exchange. In situ IR spectroscopy and other experiments provided strong evidence that the samarium azide complex was generated. In addition, the relatively high Lewis basicity of the amide moiety had a key role in the high reactivity of both the epoxidation and the epoxide-opening reactions. Examinations of other nucleophiles such as sulfur or carbon nucleophiles as well as transformations of epoxide-opened products are also described.

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