A dynamic simulation approach to investigate an optimal hydrogen refueling method is proposed. The proposed approach simulates a transient temperature, pressure and mass flow rate of hydrogen flowing inside filling equipment in an actual station during the refueling process to an Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV) tank. The simulation model is the same as in an actual hydrogen refueling station (HRS), and consists of a Break-Away, a hose, a nozzle, pipes and an FCV tank. Therefore, we can set actual configurations and thermal properties to the simulation model, and then simulate the temperature, pressure and mass flow rate of hydrogen passing through each position based on the supply conditions (temperature and pressure) at the Break-Away. In this study, the simulated temperature, pressure and mass flow rate are compared with the corresponding experimental data. Therefore, we show that the dynamic simulation approach can accurately obtain those values at each position during the refueling process and is an effective step in proposing the optimal refueling method.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology