Dynamical effects of solar heating below the cloud layer in a venus-like atmosphere

Masaru Yamamoto, Masaaki Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


The dynamics of Venus' lower-atmospheric superrotation remain an open issue. In the present study, we investigate the sensitivity of the superrotation to diabatic heating rate below the cloud layer using a simplified GCM. A fully developed superrotation fails to develop in the lower atmosphere under the condition with a fairly low diabatic heating below the cloud layer, as is thought to be realistic. Additional radiative forcing in the lower atmosphere and/or eddy momentum source should be considered to produce lower-atmospheric superrotation. The diabatic heating rate below the cloud layer controls the formation of the multiple superrotation states (slow, fast, and extremely fast superrotations). Small changes in the weak lower-atmospheric heating lead to drastic changes of the middle-and lower-atmospheric superrotation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberE12004
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research E: Planets
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology


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